Adoni is located in the Kurnool district of Andhra Pradesh. The municipality of Adoni also functions as the headquarter of the Adoni Mandal and the Adoni Revenue Division. Adoni has a population of more than 1.5 lakh residents, who speak in Telugu. Adoni was a fort town of the famous Vijayanagara Empire during the 15th to 16th centuries. After the decline of this glorious empire, Adoni went into the hands of Ali Adil Shah I of the Bijapur Sultanate. The Mohammedan rulers soon captured the area within a few years. The area was tossed to the hands of the Nizams and the Marathas and finally went to the British. In the late 19th century, Adoni faced a severe El Nino famine which claimed nearly one-third of its population. Adoni became a part of Andhra Pradesh in 1953. Adoni is a huge producer of cotton. The city has a thriving ginning and textile industry. Groundnut oil is another major production of Adoni. This city is also an important trading center in the state, with a large market situated in the center of the town. Adoni is often referred to as the second "Bombay" of India for its businesses and also for its cotton exports.
The bank was named Vijaya Bank since it was found on the auspicious occasion of Vijayadashami Day. On 23 October 1931, it was founded by a group of farmers under the leadership of A. B. Shetty, in Mangaluru, Dakshina Kannada District of Karnataka State. The Bank has been actively working with the agenda of financial inclusion. The bank has been started with the objective of economic empowerment and providing banking services to the rural masses. The bank has provided sanitation facilities to 56 government schools mostly in rural areas. The bank has established 32 rural health centers where patients are provided with primary health care and medicine free of cost. A unique programme has also been devised to adopt girl children. The bank introduced the policy of Girl Child Adoption in 2011 under which the bank takes girl children from SC/ ST/ OBC/ economically weaker sections / backward areas/ needy families from the age of 5 years onwards to promote girl child education, mostly from rural and backward areas. The bank has adopted 1163 girl children all over the country.V-Gyan Sagar is a unique initiative taken by Vijaya Bank to impart financial literacy to the public. It is an Android-based mobile application that enables its subscribers to receive regular updates on banking and economic news. It explains banking terminologies.