The two neighboring cities of Hubli (or Hubballi in the local language) and Dharwad in the South Indian state of Karnataka were merged in 1961 to form the twin city of Hubli-Dharwad. The name "Hubballi" literally translates to "flowering creeper" in Kannada. The word "Dharwad" refers to a place of rest during long travel or a small habitation. While Hubli acts as the commercial center and business hub, Dharwad situated around 20 kilometers away is the administrative headquarter of the twin city. This city is the second largest in the state after the capital city of Bangalore. As history reveals, the area had been ruled by the famous Vijayanagara dynasty and later by the Mughals, the Nawabs, the Marathas as well as the Peshwas. Hubli, being the commercial hub, houses numerous of small and medium industries. The area is known for mining manganese ore and granite as well as for the agricultural production of cotton, groundnut and oilseeds. The twin cities are also adept at manufacture of textiles from the cultivated cotton. The green and scenic city of Dharwad, apart from housing the citys administrative departments, is also a seat of learning. Prestigious and renowned educational institutions like Karnataka Institute of Medical Sciences (KIMS), Karnataka State Law University, The District Institute of Education and Training, University of Agricultural Sciences, etc. An IIT has also been recently established at Dharwad.
The State Bank of India was found on 1 July 1955. The Reserve Bank of Indias stake in SBI, took over by the government of India in 2008 to remove any conflict of interest because the RBI is the banking regulatory authority of India. The government passed the (Subsidiary Banks) Act, State Bank of India in 1959. This made SBI subsidiaries free, that had belonged to princely states before their nationalization. The operational takeover between September 1959 and October 1960, had earned eight associate state banks for SBI. The SBI united with the first Five Year Plan, which prioritized the development of rural India. The government integrated these associate banks into the State Bank of India system to expand its rural outreach. The State Bank of Jaipur and State Bank of Bikaner was merged with the State Bank of India in 1963. The SBI had 59,291 ATMs as of 31st March 2017. The SBI provided an integrated digital banking platform named "YONO" to its customers. The equity shares of SBI are listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange, and NSE.