Dhanbad is second largest and the most populous city in the east Indian state of Jharkhand. It is popularly known by the name ?The Coal Capital of India?. Looking into the etymology, the name Dhanbad is believed to have been derived from the words "Dhan" which means wealth and Abad which means prosperity. When the words are put together, it means "prospered with wealth" for being a mineral-rich region. Another alternate explanation attributes the name of the city to its rich paddy fields as "Dhaan" in the local language means paddy. Both of these explanations make equal sense because the city is indeed quite rich in minerals and it also has the largest rice producing farms in Jharkhand. The chief economic source of the city is mining and some of the largest mining production units are situated in Dhanbad. Companies like Tata Steel, Eastern Coalfields Limited (ECL), Bharat Coking Coal Limited (BCCL), and Indian Iron And Steel Company operate in Dhanbad. Dhanbad Rail Division generates a lot of revenue and ranks second after the Mumbai division. Dhanbad has many reputed educational institutions such as the Indian School of Mines, IIT Dhanbad, Patliputra Medical College and Hospital, Central Institute of Mining and Fuel Research, etc. Places like Maithan Dam, Panchet Dam, Bhatinda Falls, Shakti Mandir and Topchanchi Wildlife Sanctuary serve as major tourist hubs in this city.
The State Bank of India was found on 1 July 1955. The Reserve Bank of Indias stake in SBI, took over by the government of India in 2008 to remove any conflict of interest because the RBI is the banking regulatory authority of India. The government passed the (Subsidiary Banks) Act, State Bank of India in 1959. This made SBI subsidiaries free, that had belonged to princely states before their nationalization. The operational takeover between September 1959 and October 1960, had earned eight associate state banks for SBI. The SBI united with the first Five Year Plan, which prioritized the development of rural India. The government integrated these associate banks into the State Bank of India system to expand its rural outreach. The State Bank of Jaipur and State Bank of Bikaner was merged with the State Bank of India in 1963. The SBI had 59,291 ATMs as of 31st March 2017. The SBI provided an integrated digital banking platform named "YONO" to its customers. The equity shares of SBI are listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange, and NSE.