Bathinda is one of the oldest cities as well as a Municipal Corporation in the Indian state of Punjab. It functions as the administrative headquarters of the Bathinda District. It is situated in the Malwa Region. Bathinda is nicknamed as the City of Lakes, owing to the numerous artificial lakes in the city. The city is also known as Tabar-e-Hind or Tabarhindh which means the Gateway to India. Razia Sultana, the first Empress of India, was imprisoned in the Qila Mubarak fort in this city. Bhatinda is one of the leading cities in education. It has many prestigious academic institutions such as the Central University of Punjab and the upcoming AIIMS. Two modern thermal power plants are housed in Bhatinda - Guru Nanak Dev Thermal Plant and Guru Hargobind Thermal Plant. The city has a fertilizer plant, an oil refinery and two cement plants by Ambuja Cements & UltraTech Cement. Bathinda is also one of the largest cotton and food grain markets in northern India. Grape is widely cultivated in and around the city and is used for local consumption as well as trade. There are various places worth visiting in Bhatinda. The Bhatinda zoo, the historic Qila Mubarak fort, the gurudwara and mazaar of Haji Rattan are popular tourist centers in the city.
The State Bank of India was found on 1 July 1955. The Reserve Bank of Indias stake in SBI, took over by the government of India in 2008 to remove any conflict of interest because the RBI is the banking regulatory authority of India. The government passed the (Subsidiary Banks) Act, State Bank of India in 1959. This made SBI subsidiaries free, that had belonged to princely states before their nationalization. The operational takeover between September 1959 and October 1960, had earned eight associate state banks for SBI. The SBI united with the first Five Year Plan, which prioritized the development of rural India. The government integrated these associate banks into the State Bank of India system to expand its rural outreach. The State Bank of Jaipur and State Bank of Bikaner was merged with the State Bank of India in 1963. The SBI had 59,291 ATMs as of 31st March 2017. The SBI provided an integrated digital banking platform named "YONO" to its customers. The equity shares of SBI are listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange, and NSE.