The two neighboring cities of Hubli (or Hubballi in the local language) and Dharwad in the South Indian state of Karnataka were merged in 1961 to form the twin city of Hubli-Dharwad. The name "Hubballi" literally translates to "flowering creeper" in Kannada. The word "Dharwad" refers to a place of rest during long travel or a small habitation. While Hubli acts as the commercial center and business hub, Dharwad situated around 20 kilometers away is the administrative headquarter of the twin city. This city is the second largest in the state after the capital city of Bangalore. As history reveals, the area had been ruled by the famous Vijayanagara dynasty and later by the Mughals, the Nawabs, the Marathas as well as the Peshwas. Hubli, being the commercial hub, houses numerous of small and medium industries. The area is known for mining manganese ore and granite as well as for the agricultural production of cotton, groundnut and oilseeds. The twin cities are also adept at manufacture of textiles from the cultivated cotton. The green and scenic city of Dharwad, apart from housing the citys administrative departments, is also a seat of learning. Prestigious and renowned educational institutions like Karnataka Institute of Medical Sciences (KIMS), Karnataka State Law University, The District Institute of Education and Training, University of Agricultural Sciences, etc. An IIT has also been recently established at Dharwad.
The Punjab and Sind Bank was established on 24th June 1908 with an idea to uplift the weaker section with the far-sighted vision of luminaries like Sir Sunder Singh Majitha, Bhai Vir Singh, and Sardar Tarlochan Singh. As on 31st March 2015, the net worth of the bank is Rs. 4812 crore. A Punjab & Sind Bank branch was established in London in the 1960s. In 1991, the Bank of Baroda acquired the Punjab & Sind Banks London branch on the request of the RBI based on the Punjab & Sinds involvement in the Sethia fraud. The Bank confirmed to have a network of 920 branches or extension counters and 63 ATMs spread across the country as of July 31, 2010. Notably, they have 49 specialized departments, out of the 920 offices. The government owns Punjab & Sind Bank, and it is based in New Delhi. Its 623 offices are in Punjab state out of 1554 branches spread all over India. The Punjab & Sind Bank sponsored a regional rural bank known as Sutlej Gramin Bank. The products of Punjab and Sind bank includes Debit Card, ATM, Internet Banking, Mobile Banking, SMS Banking, BHIM, UPI, POS Machine, AADHAR PAY and BHARAT QR.