The district of Buxar consists of areas under the Buxar Sadar of the old Bhojpur District and it came into existence in 1991. The headquarters and principal town of the state is Buxar Town. The district is surrounded by Ballia, Ghaziapur, Rohtas and Bhojpur District. The Buxar District consists of a total of 2 sub-divisions and 11 blocks. One town is located in each of the sub-division. The climate of the district is moderate. The months of May and April are considered to be very hot and the cold weather begins in November and lasts till March end. However, the rainfall experienced by the district is mostly in July and August. The district of Buxar is also struggling with the problems of deforestation which is asserted by the thin forest area. Firewood is still considered to be one of the major products of these forests. One of the primary reasons for the thinning of forest line is considered to be the development of irrigation programs around the district. Animals found in the district are Neelgain, spotted deer and monkeys. The perennial source of water is the river, Sone. This river-stretch provides irrigation to a significant portion of the district. Buxar has gradually turned into an agriculture-centric district with a large chunk of its land-use devoted towards agricultural activities. Rice, wheat, grams and pulses are considered to be the main crops of the district. When it comes to industry, there are many small and medium scale industries located in this district. The major SMEs in the district being the soap industry and the leather industry. The credit facilities in the district, however, are very limited. The primary credit-giving banks in the district are the Central Co-Operative Institutions. These banks are only limited to financing the short and medium term loans towards agricultural practices.
Punjab National Bank is the first bank which is Swadeshi and began with the authorized national capital. The business of PNB Bank was started on 12th April 1895. The PNB was the first bank which was entirely managed by the Indians along with the national capital. The bank has spread its network with 6900 branches across India out of which 62% branches are in rural and semi-urban areas. The bank is operating a transformational exercise named as "Mission Parivartan" a think tank division for business excellence to improve the efficiency, profitability, and productivity of the bank for long-term sustenance. In digital banking, the bank has gone under several developments such as the opening of "PNB DIGI-HUT" the first proof of concept model of the digital branch launched at the Dwarka head office. The bank has also introduced an Integrated Fee Portal for its customers to enable fee payments through internet banking gateway. RBI approved the bank to act as Bharat Bill Payment Operating Unit which was made live on September 2017. The bank took some initiatives for driving financial inclusion in fiscal 2018, such as biometrics based aadhar seeding and authentication of the existing customers. It also introduced Atal Pension Yojana registration facility at the Business Correspondent locations.