The two neighboring cities of Hubli (or Hubballi in the local language) and Dharwad in the South Indian state of Karnataka were merged in 1961 to form the twin city of Hubli-Dharwad. The name "Hubballi" literally translates to "flowering creeper" in Kannada. The word "Dharwad" refers to a place of rest during long travel or a small habitation. While Hubli acts as the commercial center and business hub, Dharwad situated around 20 kilometers away is the administrative headquarter of the twin city. This city is the second largest in the state after the capital city of Bangalore. As history reveals, the area had been ruled by the famous Vijayanagara dynasty and later by the Mughals, the Nawabs, the Marathas as well as the Peshwas. Hubli, being the commercial hub, houses numerous of small and medium industries. The area is known for mining manganese ore and granite as well as for the agricultural production of cotton, groundnut and oilseeds. The twin cities are also adept at manufacture of textiles from the cultivated cotton. The green and scenic city of Dharwad, apart from housing the citys administrative departments, is also a seat of learning. Prestigious and renowned educational institutions like Karnataka Institute of Medical Sciences (KIMS), Karnataka State Law University, The District Institute of Education and Training, University of Agricultural Sciences, etc. An IIT has also been recently established at Dharwad.
The J&K Bank is a State-owned banking and financial services company based in Srinagar, Jammu, and Kashmir. It was incorporated on October 1, 1938. On 1 October 1938, the Jammu and Kashmir Bank was founded by Maharaja Hari Singh (the Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir). The bank had achieved the status of a scheduled bank In the year 1971. It had to face severe problems during the time independence when two branches of Muzaffarabad fell to the other side of the LOC (now Pakistan administered Kashmir) along with cash and other assets. It has been designated as the RBIs agent for all the banking related businesses, making it the first bank of its kind. Any savings account opened with the bank will attract an interest-earning which is paid to the customer after every six months. The rate of interest is 4% per annum.The bank provides services through internet banking to its customers. Some of the facilities are: Tax payment, Inquiry of account balance, Account statement generation, Fund transfer facility. Mr. Parvez Ahmed is the chairman and CEO of Jammu & Kashmir Bank.