Vizianagaram is a seaside city in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It functions as the headquarters of the Vizianagaram district and mandal. The city is close to the Bay of Bengal and around 40 kilometers away from Visakhapatnam. Various rivers flow through the city such as Nagavali, Vegavathi, Champavathi, Gomukhi, Suvarnamukhi, and Gostani, rendering the area very fertile and conducive to agriculture. There are several irrigation projects on these rivers which indirectly contribute to the economy of the city. The city experiences a predominantly hot and humid climate throughout the year. Around 2.3 lakh residents live in Vizianagaram who mainly speak in Telugu. The city is known for its production of Jute. The coastal belt of Vizianagaram is known for salt cultivation. The largest industry in this area is the manufacture units of ferromanganese. The city has 22 large-scale industries that manufacture jute twine, ferroalloys, sponge, sugar, cement, pharmaceuticals and iron. Vizianagaram has quite a few small-scale industries that focus on general engineering, motor workshops, RCC spun pipes, sawmills, aluminum utensils, groundnut oil mills, rolling mills and vehicle parts.
In 2000, Indian Overseas Bank engaged in an initial public offering (IPO) that brought the governments share in the banks equity down to 75%. In 2001, the IOB acquired the Mumbai-based Adarsha Janata Sahakari Bank. Then in 2009, the bank took over Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank, which was founded in 1969 and had its head office in Pune. Since 2006, Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank had been in administration. It had nine offices in Pune, 2 in Mumbai and 1 in Shirpur. The total strength of employees was estimated to be more than 100. On 29 August 2003, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an extension counter at New Kathiresan Temple complex, Bambalapitiya, Ceylon. The IOB opened a representative office in Guangzhou, China in 2005 followed which the bank opened another representative office in Kuala Lumpur and 2009 in Dubai, UAE. In the new millennium, international expansion started once again. The bank took over Bharat Overseas Bank in 2007. After three years, Malaysia granted a commercial banking license to a local bank jointly owned by BOB, IOB, and the Andhra Bank. The new bank named, India International Bank ( IIB Malaysia), began its business in 2012 in Kuala Lumpur and had a large population of Indians. The Andhra Bank holds a 25% stake in its joint-venture, BOB owns 40%, and remaining 35% is with IOB. On 31 August 2013, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an offshore banking unit in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The bank also converted its existing Extension Counter at Ceylon into a full-fledged branch.