Tirupati is a religious city in the Chittoor district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. The Ministry of Tourism of India awarded the title of the "Best Heritage City" to Tirupati in 2012-13. The city is being developed into a smart city. The city has a population of around three lakhs but it attracts lakhs of devotees who come to visit the famous Tirumala Venkateswara Temple. It is the worlds richest temple of Lord Venkateswara. Tourism is the major industry and main source of economic growth in Tirupati. The entire economy of the city is either directly or indirectly dependent upon Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams. Being a tourism hub, the hospitality industry has also become a major industry in Tirupati as the city is dotted with hotels, lodges and other forms of accommodation for the devotees and tourists. Apart from tourism, the city is also known for its textile, mobile, automobile, electrical and electronic industries. Besides the main Tirumala Venkateswara Temple, devotees flock to this city to visit all the other ancient temples such as the Padmavathi Temple at Tiruchanur, the Kapileswara Temple at Kapila Theertham, the Govindaraja Temple, the Thathayyagunta Gangamma Temple, Sri Kodandaramaswami Temple, etc.
In 2000, Indian Overseas Bank engaged in an initial public offering (IPO) that brought the governments share in the banks equity down to 75%. In 2001, the IOB acquired the Mumbai-based Adarsha Janata Sahakari Bank. Then in 2009, the bank took over Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank, which was founded in 1969 and had its head office in Pune. Since 2006, Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank had been in administration. It had nine offices in Pune, 2 in Mumbai and 1 in Shirpur. The total strength of employees was estimated to be more than 100. On 29 August 2003, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an extension counter at New Kathiresan Temple complex, Bambalapitiya, Ceylon. The IOB opened a representative office in Guangzhou, China in 2005 followed which the bank opened another representative office in Kuala Lumpur and 2009 in Dubai, UAE. In the new millennium, international expansion started once again. The bank took over Bharat Overseas Bank in 2007. After three years, Malaysia granted a commercial banking license to a local bank jointly owned by BOB, IOB, and the Andhra Bank. The new bank named, India International Bank ( IIB Malaysia), began its business in 2012 in Kuala Lumpur and had a large population of Indians. The Andhra Bank holds a 25% stake in its joint-venture, BOB owns 40%, and remaining 35% is with IOB. On 31 August 2013, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an offshore banking unit in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The bank also converted its existing Extension Counter at Ceylon into a full-fledged branch.