surat is a rapidly developing city in the Indian state of Gujarat. Surat was a large seaport earlier; it is now a flourishing center for diamond cutting and polishing. The city center of Surat is located on the banks of the Tapti River and is quite close to the Arabian Sea. Apart from its diamond industry, Surat has also achieved huge success in the textile industry and is gradually proceeding into the IT sector. Microsoft and IBM have taken up the task of developing Surat into a smart city with special attention towards Citizen Services, Waste Management and Disaster Management. Surat is known for its wonderful infrastructure - it is often called the city of flyovers. Surat is also known for its sense of hygiene - despite its industrial backdrop, Surat proudly claims to be one of the tidiest and cleanest cities in the country. Surat is a culturally diversified city. Apart from being called the "Diamond City" and the "Silk City", Surat is often referred to as mini India, owing to a large number of immigrants from all over India. Surat is probably the only city in Gujarat that celebrates non-Gujarati festivals. Surats landscape comprises a bustling city with all the modern amenities and industries on one hand and gorgeous beaches on the other. This avid juxtaposition makes the city all the more picturesque., surat is a fast growing city in the state of Gujarat. Surat used to be a seaport earlier. It is now flourishing in diamond cutting and polishing. Thriving on the banks of River Tapti, Surat is near the Arabian Sea. Besides its flourishing diamond business, the city has also achieved immense success in the textile industry. It is now setting its initial footsteps in the IT sector. IBM and Microsoft are developing Surat into a smart city by improving its Services for Citizens, Waste Management and Disaster Management. Surat is often referred to as the "Silk City", "Diamond City" and it is of late being viewed as a mini India, since a large number of immigrants are moving to Surat from all over India thus making it a culturally diversified city. No other city in Gujarat indulges so much in the cultures of other states as Surat does by celebrating many non-Gujarati festivals. The vibrant essence of the city comprises of a bustling city crowd with all the available modern amenities. While there is an industrial belt on one hand, there are gorgeous beaches on the other. This avid combination makes the city all the more picturesque and appealing.
In 2000, Indian Overseas Bank engaged in an initial public offering (IPO) that brought the governments share in the banks equity down to 75%. In 2001, the IOB acquired the Mumbai-based Adarsha Janata Sahakari Bank. Then in 2009, the bank took over Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank, which was founded in 1969 and had its head office in Pune. Since 2006, Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank had been in administration. It had nine offices in Pune, 2 in Mumbai and 1 in Shirpur. The total strength of employees was estimated to be more than 100. On 29 August 2003, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an extension counter at New Kathiresan Temple complex, Bambalapitiya, Ceylon. The IOB opened a representative office in Guangzhou, China in 2005 followed which the bank opened another representative office in Kuala Lumpur and 2009 in Dubai, UAE. In the new millennium, international expansion started once again. The bank took over Bharat Overseas Bank in 2007. After three years, Malaysia granted a commercial banking license to a local bank jointly owned by BOB, IOB, and the Andhra Bank. The new bank named, India International Bank ( IIB Malaysia), began its business in 2012 in Kuala Lumpur and had a large population of Indians. The Andhra Bank holds a 25% stake in its joint-venture, BOB owns 40%, and remaining 35% is with IOB. On 31 August 2013, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an offshore banking unit in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The bank also converted its existing Extension Counter at Ceylon into a full-fledged branch.