The city of Sonipat is also a Municipal Corporation in the Indian state of Haryana. Situated at a distance of 43 kilometers from the capital city of Delhi, Sonipat is a part of the National Capital Region. The Yamuna marks the eastern boundary of Sonipat, which was earlier a part of Rohtak but was separated and made into a full-fledged district in 1972. Legend says that Sonipat was previously known as Sonprastha, which was modified to svarnaprastha or the golden city. Later, the name was shortened to Svarnpath, and eventually to its current form, Sonipat - also spelled as Sonepat. The Hindu epic Mahabharata says that Svarnaprastha was founded by the Pandavas. The district of Sonipat is divided into three regions - Khadar, Upland Plain and Sandy Region. The city is located on the upland plains. This area is rich in old alluvium, which is highly productive if properly irrigated. Wheat, rice, sugarcane, cotton, millet, oilseeds, pulses, barley, maize are abundantly cultivated at Sonipat using irrigation through tube wells and canals. Horticultural plants, vegetables and flowers are also cultivated. Dairy farming and animal husbandry form an essential part of Sonipats rural economy. Four industrial areas have been developed at Sonipat and factories of HSIIDC, Atlas, Birla Factory, OSRAM India, etc. have been set up. The Rajiv Gandhi Education City at Sonipat has been set up by the government that offers space to many universities for setting up their campus.
In 2000, Indian Overseas Bank engaged in an initial public offering (IPO) that brought the governments share in the banks equity down to 75%. In 2001, the IOB acquired the Mumbai-based Adarsha Janata Sahakari Bank. Then in 2009, the bank took over Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank, which was founded in 1969 and had its head office in Pune. Since 2006, Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank had been in administration. It had nine offices in Pune, 2 in Mumbai and 1 in Shirpur. The total strength of employees was estimated to be more than 100. On 29 August 2003, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an extension counter at New Kathiresan Temple complex, Bambalapitiya, Ceylon. The IOB opened a representative office in Guangzhou, China in 2005 followed which the bank opened another representative office in Kuala Lumpur and 2009 in Dubai, UAE. In the new millennium, international expansion started once again. The bank took over Bharat Overseas Bank in 2007. After three years, Malaysia granted a commercial banking license to a local bank jointly owned by BOB, IOB, and the Andhra Bank. The new bank named, India International Bank ( IIB Malaysia), began its business in 2012 in Kuala Lumpur and had a large population of Indians. The Andhra Bank holds a 25% stake in its joint-venture, BOB owns 40%, and remaining 35% is with IOB. On 31 August 2013, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an offshore banking unit in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The bank also converted its existing Extension Counter at Ceylon into a full-fledged branch.