shimla or Simla is the capital city of the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. It is a hill-side city, known for being a much-coveted tourist destination. The name of the city is received from an incarnation of the Hindu goddess Kali, known as Goddess Shyamala Devi. Shimla was chosen to be the summer capital of British India in 1864. The city became the capital of Punjab after independence. It was later shifted to the territorial boundaries of Himachal Pradesh and was made its capital. It is the principal center for commercial, cultural and educational activities of Himachal Pradesh. The city consisted of small hamlets before 1815 when the British forces took control of the area. The conducive climatic conditions of the area attracted the British to set up the city amidst the dense forests of the Himalayas. Shimla houses many buildings styled in the neo-Gothic and Tudorbethan architectures dating from the colonial era. It also has multiple temples and churches. These specimens of colonial architecture along with the natural environment of the city attract tourists. Places worth visiting in Shimla are the Viceroy Lodge, the Christ Church, the Jakhoo Temple, etc. The Mall Road and the Ridge together form the city center and are full of tourists at all times. The Kalka?Shimla Railway line which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site is also a major tourist attraction. Tourism fuels the economy of this scenic city.
In 2000, Indian Overseas Bank engaged in an initial public offering (IPO) that brought the governments share in the banks equity down to 75%. In 2001, the IOB acquired the Mumbai-based Adarsha Janata Sahakari Bank. Then in 2009, the bank took over Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank, which was founded in 1969 and had its head office in Pune. Since 2006, Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank had been in administration. It had nine offices in Pune, 2 in Mumbai and 1 in Shirpur. The total strength of employees was estimated to be more than 100. On 29 August 2003, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an extension counter at New Kathiresan Temple complex, Bambalapitiya, Ceylon. The IOB opened a representative office in Guangzhou, China in 2005 followed which the bank opened another representative office in Kuala Lumpur and 2009 in Dubai, UAE. In the new millennium, international expansion started once again. The bank took over Bharat Overseas Bank in 2007. After three years, Malaysia granted a commercial banking license to a local bank jointly owned by BOB, IOB, and the Andhra Bank. The new bank named, India International Bank ( IIB Malaysia), began its business in 2012 in Kuala Lumpur and had a large population of Indians. The Andhra Bank holds a 25% stake in its joint-venture, BOB owns 40%, and remaining 35% is with IOB. On 31 August 2013, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an offshore banking unit in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The bank also converted its existing Extension Counter at Ceylon into a full-fledged branch.