Patna is the largest city in Bihar and the second largest in eastern India, right after Kolkata. It is also the capital city of the state. The city is located on the southern bank of River Ganga. This city was found in 490BC by the Magadha empire and was named Pataliputra. The city has been under the dominance of great dynasties such as the Mauryas, Guptas, Palas and Nandas, who made this city a seat of arts and education in the olden days. Being the 5th among the fastest growing cities in the country, the World Bank had ranked Patna as the second most business-friendly Indian city in 2009. It is one of the rapidly growing Indian cities with the GDP of around 7.29%, which is on the rise with each passing year. It is one of the oldest cities of India. A primarily agricultural city, Patnas economy is based on the production and export of sugarcane, sesame, grains and rice. In the last few years, Patna has undergone a sustained growth phase due to the ?Green Revolution? business, which saw the rise of the FMCG industry and excellent performance of the service sector. This city is developing at a rapid pace as many SMEs and heavy industries are expanding to offer people numerous opportunities, thus making Patna a highly convenient place for people to settle down.
In 2000, Indian Overseas Bank engaged in an initial public offering (IPO) that brought the governments share in the banks equity down to 75%. In 2001, the IOB acquired the Mumbai-based Adarsha Janata Sahakari Bank. Then in 2009, the bank took over Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank, which was founded in 1969 and had its head office in Pune. Since 2006, Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank had been in administration. It had nine offices in Pune, 2 in Mumbai and 1 in Shirpur. The total strength of employees was estimated to be more than 100. On 29 August 2003, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an extension counter at New Kathiresan Temple complex, Bambalapitiya, Ceylon. The IOB opened a representative office in Guangzhou, China in 2005 followed which the bank opened another representative office in Kuala Lumpur and 2009 in Dubai, UAE. In the new millennium, international expansion started once again. The bank took over Bharat Overseas Bank in 2007. After three years, Malaysia granted a commercial banking license to a local bank jointly owned by BOB, IOB, and the Andhra Bank. The new bank named, India International Bank ( IIB Malaysia), began its business in 2012 in Kuala Lumpur and had a large population of Indians. The Andhra Bank holds a 25% stake in its joint-venture, BOB owns 40%, and remaining 35% is with IOB. On 31 August 2013, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an offshore banking unit in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The bank also converted its existing Extension Counter at Ceylon into a full-fledged branch.