Patiala is situated in the Indian state of Punjab. It is the administrative capital of Patiala District. The administration of the city is done through 57 wards which are administered by an elected representative. The city is located around the Qila Mubarak or the Fortunate Castle which was constructed in 1763 by the chieftain of the royal dynasty of the Patiala State, Baba Ala Singh. Patiala is the fourth largest city in Punjab and it houses the National Institute of Sports. Patiala was traditionally an agriculture-based economy. However, the city has now become home to plenty of manufacturing units that produce goods like cutting tools, power cables, etc. Some reputed educational institutions and universities in this city include the Thapar University, the Punjabi University, the Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, the Netaji Subhash National Institute of Sports, the Government Medical College, etc. Patiala?s vintage location has led to the development of various tourist spots such as the Bahadurgarh Fort, Mubarak complex, the Gurdwara Dukh Niwaran Sahib, the Gurdwara Moti Bagh Sahib, Maa Kali Devi Mandir, QilaSheesh Mahal, Baradari Gardens, etc.
In 2000, Indian Overseas Bank engaged in an initial public offering (IPO) that brought the governments share in the banks equity down to 75%. In 2001, the IOB acquired the Mumbai-based Adarsha Janata Sahakari Bank. Then in 2009, the bank took over Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank, which was founded in 1969 and had its head office in Pune. Since 2006, Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank had been in administration. It had nine offices in Pune, 2 in Mumbai and 1 in Shirpur. The total strength of employees was estimated to be more than 100. On 29 August 2003, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an extension counter at New Kathiresan Temple complex, Bambalapitiya, Ceylon. The IOB opened a representative office in Guangzhou, China in 2005 followed which the bank opened another representative office in Kuala Lumpur and 2009 in Dubai, UAE. In the new millennium, international expansion started once again. The bank took over Bharat Overseas Bank in 2007. After three years, Malaysia granted a commercial banking license to a local bank jointly owned by BOB, IOB, and the Andhra Bank. The new bank named, India International Bank ( IIB Malaysia), began its business in 2012 in Kuala Lumpur and had a large population of Indians. The Andhra Bank holds a 25% stake in its joint-venture, BOB owns 40%, and remaining 35% is with IOB. On 31 August 2013, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an offshore banking unit in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The bank also converted its existing Extension Counter at Ceylon into a full-fledged branch.