Parbhani is a city in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It functions as the administrative headquarters of Parbhani District situated in the Marathwada region of the state. Parbhani was earlier a part of the Nizam State and was later passed on to the Hyderabad State. When the Indian states were reorganized in 1956, Parbhani became a part of the then Bombay state. It was included within the boundaries of Maharashtra in 1960. The famous Vasantrao Naik Marathwada Agricultural University is located in Parbhani. In ancient times, the city was known by the name "Prabhavati Nagari," named after a massive temple of Goddess Prabhavati in the area. The present name of the city is a distorted form of Prabhavati. Parbhani has around 3 lakh residents and has been recognized as one of the cleanest cities in Maharashtra. Parbhani is located in the Godavari Valley, and hence the citys soil is very fertile as well as rich in nutrients. The economy of Parbhani is largely fuelled by agriculture and agribusiness. Parbhani is well connected to the neighboring areas and also offers all modern amenities to its residents. An annual festival is organized at Hazrat Turabul Haq Dargah in Parbhani, which attracts lakhs of tourists each year.
In 2000, Indian Overseas Bank engaged in an initial public offering (IPO) that brought the governments share in the banks equity down to 75%. In 2001, the IOB acquired the Mumbai-based Adarsha Janata Sahakari Bank. Then in 2009, the bank took over Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank, which was founded in 1969 and had its head office in Pune. Since 2006, Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank had been in administration. It had nine offices in Pune, 2 in Mumbai and 1 in Shirpur. The total strength of employees was estimated to be more than 100. On 29 August 2003, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an extension counter at New Kathiresan Temple complex, Bambalapitiya, Ceylon. The IOB opened a representative office in Guangzhou, China in 2005 followed which the bank opened another representative office in Kuala Lumpur and 2009 in Dubai, UAE. In the new millennium, international expansion started once again. The bank took over Bharat Overseas Bank in 2007. After three years, Malaysia granted a commercial banking license to a local bank jointly owned by BOB, IOB, and the Andhra Bank. The new bank named, India International Bank ( IIB Malaysia), began its business in 2012 in Kuala Lumpur and had a large population of Indians. The Andhra Bank holds a 25% stake in its joint-venture, BOB owns 40%, and remaining 35% is with IOB. On 31 August 2013, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an offshore banking unit in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The bank also converted its existing Extension Counter at Ceylon into a full-fledged branch.