The historic city of Panipat is located in the Indian state of Haryana. The three huge battles were fought near this city in 1526, 1556 and 1761, which were all major turning points in the Indian history. The city is well-known in the area by its nickname the "City of Weavers" and "Textile City." It is the global center for recycling textiles. According to the Hindu epic Mahabharata, Panipat was one of the five cities or prasthas that were founded by the Pandavas and was named Pandavaprastha in the ancient time. The city houses the Panipat Refinery and the Panipat Thermal plant. It has a population of around 9 lakh people with an average literacy rate of 87%. Few places of tourist interest in the city are the Panipat Museum, Hemus Samadhi Sthal, Ibrahim Lodhis Tomb, Baburs Kabuli Bagh Mosque, Salar Ganj Gate, Kala Amb, etc. The city is well connected to all the nearby regions through roads and railway.
In 2000, Indian Overseas Bank engaged in an initial public offering (IPO) that brought the governments share in the banks equity down to 75%. In 2001, the IOB acquired the Mumbai-based Adarsha Janata Sahakari Bank. Then in 2009, the bank took over Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank, which was founded in 1969 and had its head office in Pune. Since 2006, Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank had been in administration. It had nine offices in Pune, 2 in Mumbai and 1 in Shirpur. The total strength of employees was estimated to be more than 100. On 29 August 2003, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an extension counter at New Kathiresan Temple complex, Bambalapitiya, Ceylon. The IOB opened a representative office in Guangzhou, China in 2005 followed which the bank opened another representative office in Kuala Lumpur and 2009 in Dubai, UAE. In the new millennium, international expansion started once again. The bank took over Bharat Overseas Bank in 2007. After three years, Malaysia granted a commercial banking license to a local bank jointly owned by BOB, IOB, and the Andhra Bank. The new bank named, India International Bank ( IIB Malaysia), began its business in 2012 in Kuala Lumpur and had a large population of Indians. The Andhra Bank holds a 25% stake in its joint-venture, BOB owns 40%, and remaining 35% is with IOB. On 31 August 2013, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an offshore banking unit in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The bank also converted its existing Extension Counter at Ceylon into a full-fledged branch.