Panihati is a developing city in the North 24 Parganas district of the Indian state of West Bengal. It is a part of Kolkata Urban Agglomeration with more than 3 lakh residents. Panihati municipality is a part of the Kolkata Metropolitan Area Development Area or KMDA. There are prestigious educational institutions such as the St. Xaviers Institution, the Narula Institute of Technology, Guru Nanak Institute of Technology, etc. in the vicinity of the city. The small city is well connected via railways with two important railway stations - Agarpara and Sodepur in the vicinity. The place is known for hosting many industries. The Bengal Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals at Panihati is a leading manufacturer of medicines. The Bengal Waterproof Works Private Ltd. is popular for their brand Duckback. The Texmaco Rail and Engineering Ltd. has five manufacturing units in and around Panihati. The residents are either employed in these industries or they travel to the various service sectors of the KMDA region for work.
In 2000, Indian Overseas Bank engaged in an initial public offering (IPO) that brought the governments share in the banks equity down to 75%. In 2001, the IOB acquired the Mumbai-based Adarsha Janata Sahakari Bank. Then in 2009, the bank took over Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank, which was founded in 1969 and had its head office in Pune. Since 2006, Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank had been in administration. It had nine offices in Pune, 2 in Mumbai and 1 in Shirpur. The total strength of employees was estimated to be more than 100. On 29 August 2003, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an extension counter at New Kathiresan Temple complex, Bambalapitiya, Ceylon. The IOB opened a representative office in Guangzhou, China in 2005 followed which the bank opened another representative office in Kuala Lumpur and 2009 in Dubai, UAE. In the new millennium, international expansion started once again. The bank took over Bharat Overseas Bank in 2007. After three years, Malaysia granted a commercial banking license to a local bank jointly owned by BOB, IOB, and the Andhra Bank. The new bank named, India International Bank ( IIB Malaysia), began its business in 2012 in Kuala Lumpur and had a large population of Indians. The Andhra Bank holds a 25% stake in its joint-venture, BOB owns 40%, and remaining 35% is with IOB. On 31 August 2013, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an offshore banking unit in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The bank also converted its existing Extension Counter at Ceylon into a full-fledged branch.