Pali is an industrial city in the Indian state of Rajasthan. It is situated in the Marwar region of the state and functions as the administrative headquarters of the Pali District. The city of Pali was formerly known as Pallika and Palli. Located on the bans of the Bandi river, Pali was a trade center since ancient times. Pali is famous for its textile industries. Synthetic and cotton clothes, as well as yarn, is exported to other Indian states at a very cheap rate. Some new industries like Bangles, Marble cutting, marble finishing have recently emerged in the area. The city hosts the Maharaja Shree Umaid Mills which is the biggest cotton mill of Rajasthan and employs 3000 workers. There are three industrial areas in Pali known as the Mandia road industrial area, the Punayata industrial area and the industrial area phase 1& 2. The Mandia road area is the biggest and the oldest industrial area that houses innumerable manufacturing units of several renowned companies, mostly specializing in the textile industry. The Punayata industrial area has recently become a major landmark for Industrialists to set up new businesses. Additionally, several other industries such as leather products, agriculture instruments, chemicals, cement, granite, etc. have been set up in and around the city. Although these industries fuel the economy of Pali, they have also been criticized for causing severe pollution in the area.
In 2000, Indian Overseas Bank engaged in an initial public offering (IPO) that brought the governments share in the banks equity down to 75%. In 2001, the IOB acquired the Mumbai-based Adarsha Janata Sahakari Bank. Then in 2009, the bank took over Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank, which was founded in 1969 and had its head office in Pune. Since 2006, Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank had been in administration. It had nine offices in Pune, 2 in Mumbai and 1 in Shirpur. The total strength of employees was estimated to be more than 100. On 29 August 2003, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an extension counter at New Kathiresan Temple complex, Bambalapitiya, Ceylon. The IOB opened a representative office in Guangzhou, China in 2005 followed which the bank opened another representative office in Kuala Lumpur and 2009 in Dubai, UAE. In the new millennium, international expansion started once again. The bank took over Bharat Overseas Bank in 2007. After three years, Malaysia granted a commercial banking license to a local bank jointly owned by BOB, IOB, and the Andhra Bank. The new bank named, India International Bank ( IIB Malaysia), began its business in 2012 in Kuala Lumpur and had a large population of Indians. The Andhra Bank holds a 25% stake in its joint-venture, BOB owns 40%, and remaining 35% is with IOB. On 31 August 2013, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an offshore banking unit in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The bank also converted its existing Extension Counter at Ceylon into a full-fledged branch.