Nadiad is a large city in the Kheda district of the Indian state of Gujarat. Nadiad hosts around 2.3 lakh residents who mainly speak in Gujarati and Hindi. It is believed that this city had been a settlement of rope-dancers. The historical name of Nadiad was "Natapadra" which means outskirts of natas (ropes) or "Natpur" which means city of natas. It is also called Nandgam. The city has a special regard for the number 9 as it has nine step wells, nine villages or towns located in it, nine roads that enter and exit the city and nine lakes. Nadiad is also referred to as sakshar Bhumi which means The land of the educated. Nadiad experiences mild winters and very hot summers. Nadiad was the land of laureates and writers during the late 19th century and the early 20th century when the city largely contributed to the Gujarati literature.
In 2000, Indian Overseas Bank engaged in an initial public offering (IPO) that brought the governments share in the banks equity down to 75%. In 2001, the IOB acquired the Mumbai-based Adarsha Janata Sahakari Bank. Then in 2009, the bank took over Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank, which was founded in 1969 and had its head office in Pune. Since 2006, Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank had been in administration. It had nine offices in Pune, 2 in Mumbai and 1 in Shirpur. The total strength of employees was estimated to be more than 100. On 29 August 2003, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an extension counter at New Kathiresan Temple complex, Bambalapitiya, Ceylon. The IOB opened a representative office in Guangzhou, China in 2005 followed which the bank opened another representative office in Kuala Lumpur and 2009 in Dubai, UAE. In the new millennium, international expansion started once again. The bank took over Bharat Overseas Bank in 2007. After three years, Malaysia granted a commercial banking license to a local bank jointly owned by BOB, IOB, and the Andhra Bank. The new bank named, India International Bank ( IIB Malaysia), began its business in 2012 in Kuala Lumpur and had a large population of Indians. The Andhra Bank holds a 25% stake in its joint-venture, BOB owns 40%, and remaining 35% is with IOB. On 31 August 2013, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an offshore banking unit in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The bank also converted its existing Extension Counter at Ceylon into a full-fledged branch.