Muzaffarpur is a sub-metropolitan city in the Indian state of Bihar. The fourth most populous city in the state, Muzaffarpur is located in the eponymous district of the Tirhut region in Bihar. The city is famous for its litchis and is often referred to as the Lychee Kingdom. The litchis are known for their excellent taste, aroma and quality and are cultivated in two varieties known as Shahi and China. The city lies near the Burhi Gandak River that flows from the Someshwar Hills. The area experiences a humid subtropical climate. The economy of this area is fuelled by the litchi cultivation. Otherwise, Muzaffarpur is one of the economically backward districts in the country, and the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme supports the city with funds. The city, which hosts around 4 lakh residents, is well connected to the neighboring areas by railway and road.
In 2000, Indian Overseas Bank engaged in an initial public offering (IPO) that brought the governments share in the banks equity down to 75%. In 2001, the IOB acquired the Mumbai-based Adarsha Janata Sahakari Bank. Then in 2009, the bank took over Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank, which was founded in 1969 and had its head office in Pune. Since 2006, Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank had been in administration. It had nine offices in Pune, 2 in Mumbai and 1 in Shirpur. The total strength of employees was estimated to be more than 100. On 29 August 2003, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an extension counter at New Kathiresan Temple complex, Bambalapitiya, Ceylon. The IOB opened a representative office in Guangzhou, China in 2005 followed which the bank opened another representative office in Kuala Lumpur and 2009 in Dubai, UAE. In the new millennium, international expansion started once again. The bank took over Bharat Overseas Bank in 2007. After three years, Malaysia granted a commercial banking license to a local bank jointly owned by BOB, IOB, and the Andhra Bank. The new bank named, India International Bank ( IIB Malaysia), began its business in 2012 in Kuala Lumpur and had a large population of Indians. The Andhra Bank holds a 25% stake in its joint-venture, BOB owns 40%, and remaining 35% is with IOB. On 31 August 2013, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an offshore banking unit in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The bank also converted its existing Extension Counter at Ceylon into a full-fledged branch.