Being the third largest city in Tamil Nadu, Madurai is located on the banks of River Vaigai. It is known for its vibrant and rich cultural heritage. It is a seat of education for the Tamil language and famous for its aesthetic art and literature. Madurai has been held in high esteem by many scholars and it is referred to as the "City of Temples and Poets." The history of Madurai dates back to 3rd century BCE, with proof of its vintage through archaeological surveys. The famous Meenakshi Amman Temple in Madurai draws many devotees and tourists to the city throughout the year. Tourists from all over the country, especially its southern state, visit Madurai to explore its many temples as well as popular tourist spots like the Thirumalai Nayak Palace, Gandhi Memorial Museum, Rajaji Children?s Park, etc. The modern city of Madurai is divided into 100 wards, each of which is administered by an elected member. The city has a large farming community involved in the cultivation of crops like paddy, jasmine, rubber, etc. These drive the economy and trade in the city apart from a few modern industries such as the manufacture of tires, auto components, granite, textile and chemicals. Madurai serves as the base for a few popular two-wheeler manufacturers in India. Many software companies have recently opened their offices in the city and Madurai has been promoted to a Tier-II city. With pristine universities and colleges like the Madurai Kamaraj University, Madura College, Thiagarajar College, American College, Madurai Law College etc. the city is regarded as an academic center for the state of Tamil Nadu.
In 2000, Indian Overseas Bank engaged in an initial public offering (IPO) that brought the governments share in the banks equity down to 75%. In 2001, the IOB acquired the Mumbai-based Adarsha Janata Sahakari Bank. Then in 2009, the bank took over Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank, which was founded in 1969 and had its head office in Pune. Since 2006, Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank had been in administration. It had nine offices in Pune, 2 in Mumbai and 1 in Shirpur. The total strength of employees was estimated to be more than 100. On 29 August 2003, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an extension counter at New Kathiresan Temple complex, Bambalapitiya, Ceylon. The IOB opened a representative office in Guangzhou, China in 2005 followed which the bank opened another representative office in Kuala Lumpur and 2009 in Dubai, UAE. In the new millennium, international expansion started once again. The bank took over Bharat Overseas Bank in 2007. After three years, Malaysia granted a commercial banking license to a local bank jointly owned by BOB, IOB, and the Andhra Bank. The new bank named, India International Bank ( IIB Malaysia), began its business in 2012 in Kuala Lumpur and had a large population of Indians. The Andhra Bank holds a 25% stake in its joint-venture, BOB owns 40%, and remaining 35% is with IOB. On 31 August 2013, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an offshore banking unit in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The bank also converted its existing Extension Counter at Ceylon into a full-fledged branch.