Ludhiana is the largest city in the north Indian state of Punjab. It is one of the richest cities in our country. The city is known to be a textile manufacturing hub in the north. It has a lot of large, medium and small scale manufacturing units. Ludhiana is also known for its industrial units. These units mostly produce and supply for bicycle and auto parts. The city is centrally located in the middle of the state. It provides a lot of employment opportunities to people from the state as well as across the country. Ludhiana also has substantial agricultural lands in the outskirts of the city that require a lot of manpower supplied by various parts of India. Ludhiana has been on a consistent upward trajectory due to its industries and it is rumored that Ludhiana has the largest number of imported luxury vehicles in the whole nation. The central city is densely populated with many markets and small trading units. On the education front, this city is home to the largest agricultural university in the continent called the Punjab Agricultural University. Besides this, there are some old and modern colleges such as Christian Medical College, Sri Aurobindo College of Commerce and Management, University Business School, etc. There are a few places in Ludhiana that attract visitors. Phillaur Fort, Maharaja Ranjit Singh war museum, Gurudwara Nanaksar Jagroan, Nehru Rose Garden, etc. are of great tourist interest. Ludhiana is soon becoming a hub of real estate since plenty of commercial and residential projects are coming up in the city, opening up multiple new job avenues.
In 2000, Indian Overseas Bank engaged in an initial public offering (IPO) that brought the governments share in the banks equity down to 75%. In 2001, the IOB acquired the Mumbai-based Adarsha Janata Sahakari Bank. Then in 2009, the bank took over Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank, which was founded in 1969 and had its head office in Pune. Since 2006, Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank had been in administration. It had nine offices in Pune, 2 in Mumbai and 1 in Shirpur. The total strength of employees was estimated to be more than 100. On 29 August 2003, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an extension counter at New Kathiresan Temple complex, Bambalapitiya, Ceylon. The IOB opened a representative office in Guangzhou, China in 2005 followed which the bank opened another representative office in Kuala Lumpur and 2009 in Dubai, UAE. In the new millennium, international expansion started once again. The bank took over Bharat Overseas Bank in 2007. After three years, Malaysia granted a commercial banking license to a local bank jointly owned by BOB, IOB, and the Andhra Bank. The new bank named, India International Bank ( IIB Malaysia), began its business in 2012 in Kuala Lumpur and had a large population of Indians. The Andhra Bank holds a 25% stake in its joint-venture, BOB owns 40%, and remaining 35% is with IOB. On 31 August 2013, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an offshore banking unit in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The bank also converted its existing Extension Counter at Ceylon into a full-fledged branch.