Latur, also known as Lattaluru, is an emerging city in the Marathwada region of the Indian state of Maharashtra. The city is close to the state boundary of Maharashtra and Karnataka, on the Balaghat plateau. It functions as the administrative headquarter of the Latur district. The city is a celebrated tourist hub as its historical monuments and the famous Kharosa Caves attract many visitors. Over the centuries, the place was ruled by various great rulers such as the Satavahanas, the Sakas, the Yadavas of Deogiri, the Delhi Sultans, the Chalukyas, the Bahamani rulers of South India, the Mughals, Adilshahi, etc. Latur is a major producer of sugarcane, edible oils, soybean, grapes and mango production. The Keshar Amba variety of mango was developed in the Latur region. Latur is the largest trading center for soybean in India. The city is within the sugar Belt of Maharashtra as it houses more than eleven sugar factories. It also has a thriving market for fruits, oilseeds and commodities. There are many industrial units for agro-processing, edible oils, consumer durables, aluminum processing, plastic processing, agriculture and biotech. It has many cold storage facilities that are privately owned as well as owned by the state.
In 2000, Indian Overseas Bank engaged in an initial public offering (IPO) that brought the governments share in the banks equity down to 75%. In 2001, the IOB acquired the Mumbai-based Adarsha Janata Sahakari Bank. Then in 2009, the bank took over Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank, which was founded in 1969 and had its head office in Pune. Since 2006, Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank had been in administration. It had nine offices in Pune, 2 in Mumbai and 1 in Shirpur. The total strength of employees was estimated to be more than 100. On 29 August 2003, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an extension counter at New Kathiresan Temple complex, Bambalapitiya, Ceylon. The IOB opened a representative office in Guangzhou, China in 2005 followed which the bank opened another representative office in Kuala Lumpur and 2009 in Dubai, UAE. In the new millennium, international expansion started once again. The bank took over Bharat Overseas Bank in 2007. After three years, Malaysia granted a commercial banking license to a local bank jointly owned by BOB, IOB, and the Andhra Bank. The new bank named, India International Bank ( IIB Malaysia), began its business in 2012 in Kuala Lumpur and had a large population of Indians. The Andhra Bank holds a 25% stake in its joint-venture, BOB owns 40%, and remaining 35% is with IOB. On 31 August 2013, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an offshore banking unit in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The bank also converted its existing Extension Counter at Ceylon into a full-fledged branch.