Kurnool, also known as the "Gateway of Rayalaseema," lies on the bank of River Thungabhadra in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. The city had once been the capital of the state of Andhra Pradesh in the 1950s for three years. The Kurnool city serves as the headquarters of the Kurnool District. The rulers of various dynasties such as the Cholas, the Kakatiyas, the Nawabs and the Mughals have ruled over the city and given it a rich cultural heritage. The modern administration of the city is conducted by dividing it into 50 wards managed by elected representatives. The main economic activity in the city is fuelled by its industries such as mining and agriculture. The city is based has rich resources of various minerals like Iron, Ochre, Quartz, Dolomite, Limestone and Silica. Kurnool serves as an educational hub with institutions and universities like Rayalaseema University, Kurnool Medical College, G Pulla Reddy College of Engineering & Technology, Indian Institute of Information Technology (IIIT) Kurnool, Osmania College, etc. Kurnool draws a lot of tourists each year city and is well known for its excellent tourist destinations like the Belum Caves, Gandikota, Mantralayam, Yaganti Temple, Mahanandi Temple, Kurnool Fort, Kondareddy Burz, Rollapadu Wildlife Sanctuary, etc.
In 2000, Indian Overseas Bank engaged in an initial public offering (IPO) that brought the governments share in the banks equity down to 75%. In 2001, the IOB acquired the Mumbai-based Adarsha Janata Sahakari Bank. Then in 2009, the bank took over Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank, which was founded in 1969 and had its head office in Pune. Since 2006, Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank had been in administration. It had nine offices in Pune, 2 in Mumbai and 1 in Shirpur. The total strength of employees was estimated to be more than 100. On 29 August 2003, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an extension counter at New Kathiresan Temple complex, Bambalapitiya, Ceylon. The IOB opened a representative office in Guangzhou, China in 2005 followed which the bank opened another representative office in Kuala Lumpur and 2009 in Dubai, UAE. In the new millennium, international expansion started once again. The bank took over Bharat Overseas Bank in 2007. After three years, Malaysia granted a commercial banking license to a local bank jointly owned by BOB, IOB, and the Andhra Bank. The new bank named, India International Bank ( IIB Malaysia), began its business in 2012 in Kuala Lumpur and had a large population of Indians. The Andhra Bank holds a 25% stake in its joint-venture, BOB owns 40%, and remaining 35% is with IOB. On 31 August 2013, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an offshore banking unit in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The bank also converted its existing Extension Counter at Ceylon into a full-fledged branch.