Kottayam is a prosperous city in the Indian state of Kerala. The city functions as the administrative capital and headquarter of the Kottayam district. Kottayam was previously known as ?Cottayam? and ?Cotym? during the British rule. Kottayam is situated on the banks of the Meenachil River. Kottayam is known to be is one of the main centers of literature; it is hence known as the Akshara Nagari or the Land of Letters. Many Malayalam daily newspapers such as Deepika, Malayala Manorama and Mangalam had started in Kottayam and are headquartered in the city. Kottayam houses the headquarters of The Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church. Various missionaries and the Christian churches established many educational institutions in and around the city during the British period. This city is often referred to as Chuvarchithra Nagari or the City of Murals. Domestic tourism has incredibly increased in Kottayam for its beautiful lakes and scenic hilly locations. Kottayam is a major producer or later and a trading center of natural rubber in India. It is the greatest contributor to the citys economy. The cultivation and trade of spices also boost the economy of Kottayam considerably. Kottayam experiences a moderate and pleasant climate with seasonal high levels of humidity.
In 2000, Indian Overseas Bank engaged in an initial public offering (IPO) that brought the governments share in the banks equity down to 75%. In 2001, the IOB acquired the Mumbai-based Adarsha Janata Sahakari Bank. Then in 2009, the bank took over Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank, which was founded in 1969 and had its head office in Pune. Since 2006, Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank had been in administration. It had nine offices in Pune, 2 in Mumbai and 1 in Shirpur. The total strength of employees was estimated to be more than 100. On 29 August 2003, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an extension counter at New Kathiresan Temple complex, Bambalapitiya, Ceylon. The IOB opened a representative office in Guangzhou, China in 2005 followed which the bank opened another representative office in Kuala Lumpur and 2009 in Dubai, UAE. In the new millennium, international expansion started once again. The bank took over Bharat Overseas Bank in 2007. After three years, Malaysia granted a commercial banking license to a local bank jointly owned by BOB, IOB, and the Andhra Bank. The new bank named, India International Bank ( IIB Malaysia), began its business in 2012 in Kuala Lumpur and had a large population of Indians. The Andhra Bank holds a 25% stake in its joint-venture, BOB owns 40%, and remaining 35% is with IOB. On 31 August 2013, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an offshore banking unit in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The bank also converted its existing Extension Counter at Ceylon into a full-fledged branch.