Kishanganj in Bihar was earlier a part of the Purnia district. The city, located in the Mithila region of the state, has now become a district on its own. The region has been under the dominance of the Indo-Aryan race, the Kingdom of the Videhas and was later incorporated into the Vajji confederacy. It is an economically backward region and is currently being funded by the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme. Kishanganj is a Muslim majority area in Bihar that has more than 1 lakh residents. The people living in Kishanganj speak in Maithili, Urdu, Surjapuri and Hindi. Many educational institutions have been established in Kishanganj in the last few years. Sonia Gandhi laid down the foundation stone of the Kishanganj campus of Aligarh Muslim University in 2014. Dr. A P J Abdul Kalam Agriculture College is also being built at Kishanganj. The city has a strong railhead and is well-connected to the neighboring areas via railway as well as roads.
In 2000, Indian Overseas Bank engaged in an initial public offering (IPO) that brought the governments share in the banks equity down to 75%. In 2001, the IOB acquired the Mumbai-based Adarsha Janata Sahakari Bank. Then in 2009, the bank took over Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank, which was founded in 1969 and had its head office in Pune. Since 2006, Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank had been in administration. It had nine offices in Pune, 2 in Mumbai and 1 in Shirpur. The total strength of employees was estimated to be more than 100. On 29 August 2003, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an extension counter at New Kathiresan Temple complex, Bambalapitiya, Ceylon. The IOB opened a representative office in Guangzhou, China in 2005 followed which the bank opened another representative office in Kuala Lumpur and 2009 in Dubai, UAE. In the new millennium, international expansion started once again. The bank took over Bharat Overseas Bank in 2007. After three years, Malaysia granted a commercial banking license to a local bank jointly owned by BOB, IOB, and the Andhra Bank. The new bank named, India International Bank ( IIB Malaysia), began its business in 2012 in Kuala Lumpur and had a large population of Indians. The Andhra Bank holds a 25% stake in its joint-venture, BOB owns 40%, and remaining 35% is with IOB. On 31 August 2013, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an offshore banking unit in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The bank also converted its existing Extension Counter at Ceylon into a full-fledged branch.