Kanpur is an Indian city in the state of Uttar Pradesh. It was earlier known as "Cawnpore." It closely follows the state capital Lucknow in terms of area and population. The city is of utmost religious, historical and commercial importance. Kanpur stands on the banks of the eternal Ganga and is considered to be one of the major industrial centers of India. This industrial town excels in basic metal, chemicals and rubber products. Kanpur has a bunch of defense factories for Field guns, ordnance equipment, small arms and ordnance parachutes. The leather industry in Kanpur is also quite famous. Kanpur previously had a huge yield of cotton and was often called the "Manchester of India." Besides being the most industrialized region of UP, Kanpur is also recognized as an important educational center. The city hosts prestigious institutions like IIT Kanpur and Harcourt Butler Technological Institute. Moreover, Kanpur is closely following Kota and has recently become a hub of coaching center. Innumerable coaching institutes have sprouted in the Kakadeo area of Kanpur. The infrastructural facilities in Kanpur are under development. The city has a domestic airport, but people need to travel to the neighboring city of Lucknow for international flights. Kanpur Central is an important and busy railway station with rail routes connecting to all major Indian cities. The local roads in Kanpur are not well appreciated although many highways pass through the city. A peripheral Outer Ring Road is under-construction to allow the heavy vehicles to bypass the city and prevent traffic congestion in the city. Kanpur is famous for its pollution. According to WHO, it is the worlds most polluted city and thus hinders the development of the city.
In 2000, Indian Overseas Bank engaged in an initial public offering (IPO) that brought the governments share in the banks equity down to 75%. In 2001, the IOB acquired the Mumbai-based Adarsha Janata Sahakari Bank. Then in 2009, the bank took over Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank, which was founded in 1969 and had its head office in Pune. Since 2006, Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank had been in administration. It had nine offices in Pune, 2 in Mumbai and 1 in Shirpur. The total strength of employees was estimated to be more than 100. On 29 August 2003, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an extension counter at New Kathiresan Temple complex, Bambalapitiya, Ceylon. The IOB opened a representative office in Guangzhou, China in 2005 followed which the bank opened another representative office in Kuala Lumpur and 2009 in Dubai, UAE. In the new millennium, international expansion started once again. The bank took over Bharat Overseas Bank in 2007. After three years, Malaysia granted a commercial banking license to a local bank jointly owned by BOB, IOB, and the Andhra Bank. The new bank named, India International Bank ( IIB Malaysia), began its business in 2012 in Kuala Lumpur and had a large population of Indians. The Andhra Bank holds a 25% stake in its joint-venture, BOB owns 40%, and remaining 35% is with IOB. On 31 August 2013, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an offshore banking unit in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The bank also converted its existing Extension Counter at Ceylon into a full-fledged branch.