Haldia is an industrial city as well as a port city in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is located in the Purba Medinipur district. Haldia has a major river port and an industrial belt, situated at a distance of more than 100 kilometers from Kolkata, near the mouth of the Hooghly River. The Haldi River, an offshoot of Ganges, borders the Haldia Township. Haldia is a center for the petrochemical industry and is being improved into a major trade port for Kolkata. The city has around 2 lakh residents, mostly employed in the industrial sector. Haldia has numerous factories such as South Asian Petrochemicals Ltd, Exide, Indian Oil Corporation Limited, Tata Chemicals, India Power Corporation Ltd., Haldia Petrochemicals, Mitsubishi Chemical Corporations, Hindustan Lever, etc. in addition to several light industries. Apart from being well connected to the rest of the country via railway and road, Haldia is also connected via waterway. The National Waterway 1 is a 1620 km long inland waterway. It connects Haldia to Allahabad and runs across the Ganges, the Bhagirathi river and the Hooghly river systems. Haldia has a mini Japanese township called Sataku. A Japanese community lives in the area, whose residents work as engineers and top executives in the Mitsubishi Chemical Corporations purified terephthalic acid plant in Haldia.
In 2000, Indian Overseas Bank engaged in an initial public offering (IPO) that brought the governments share in the banks equity down to 75%. In 2001, the IOB acquired the Mumbai-based Adarsha Janata Sahakari Bank. Then in 2009, the bank took over Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank, which was founded in 1969 and had its head office in Pune. Since 2006, Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank had been in administration. It had nine offices in Pune, 2 in Mumbai and 1 in Shirpur. The total strength of employees was estimated to be more than 100. On 29 August 2003, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an extension counter at New Kathiresan Temple complex, Bambalapitiya, Ceylon. The IOB opened a representative office in Guangzhou, China in 2005 followed which the bank opened another representative office in Kuala Lumpur and 2009 in Dubai, UAE. In the new millennium, international expansion started once again. The bank took over Bharat Overseas Bank in 2007. After three years, Malaysia granted a commercial banking license to a local bank jointly owned by BOB, IOB, and the Andhra Bank. The new bank named, India International Bank ( IIB Malaysia), began its business in 2012 in Kuala Lumpur and had a large population of Indians. The Andhra Bank holds a 25% stake in its joint-venture, BOB owns 40%, and remaining 35% is with IOB. On 31 August 2013, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an offshore banking unit in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The bank also converted its existing Extension Counter at Ceylon into a full-fledged branch.