Gulbarga, also known as by its official name Kalaburagi, is an urban agglomeration situated in the southern Indian state of Karnataka. Standing on the banks the Krishna and Bhima rivers, it is one of the most important cities in the state and also the administrative headquarters of Gulbarga District. The current administration of Gulbarga is carried out by representatives elected to service its 55 wards. The economy of Gulbarga is mainly dependent on agriculture. The place is known for the cultivation of Pigeon Peas and Toor Dal. Recently, upon the state governments initiatives, many industries have been set up in and around the city. Gulbarga has units to manufacture cement, textile, leather and chemicals. Gulbarga is the home to many educational institutions like the Karnataka State University, KBN institute of medical sciences and Gulbarga Institute of Medical Sciences. Gulbarga is well known as a tourist destination as well. There are many temples and forts in the area. Tourist spots such as the Bahmani fort, the Government Museum, the Holkonda fort, the Ferozabad Fort, the Sharanabasaveshwar Temple, Shri Sadguru Dattatreya Narasimha Saraswati, Shri Kshetra Ganagapur, Sri Hulakantheshwar Temple are frequented by tourists.
In 2000, Indian Overseas Bank engaged in an initial public offering (IPO) that brought the governments share in the banks equity down to 75%. In 2001, the IOB acquired the Mumbai-based Adarsha Janata Sahakari Bank. Then in 2009, the bank took over Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank, which was founded in 1969 and had its head office in Pune. Since 2006, Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank had been in administration. It had nine offices in Pune, 2 in Mumbai and 1 in Shirpur. The total strength of employees was estimated to be more than 100. On 29 August 2003, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an extension counter at New Kathiresan Temple complex, Bambalapitiya, Ceylon. The IOB opened a representative office in Guangzhou, China in 2005 followed which the bank opened another representative office in Kuala Lumpur and 2009 in Dubai, UAE. In the new millennium, international expansion started once again. The bank took over Bharat Overseas Bank in 2007. After three years, Malaysia granted a commercial banking license to a local bank jointly owned by BOB, IOB, and the Andhra Bank. The new bank named, India International Bank ( IIB Malaysia), began its business in 2012 in Kuala Lumpur and had a large population of Indians. The Andhra Bank holds a 25% stake in its joint-venture, BOB owns 40%, and remaining 35% is with IOB. On 31 August 2013, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an offshore banking unit in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The bank also converted its existing Extension Counter at Ceylon into a full-fledged branch.