Firozabad, a city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, is commonly known by its nicknames "Suhag Nagari" and "The city of Glass." It was earlier known as Chandwar Nagar which was changed to Firozabad after a local champion named Firoz, during the rule of Emperor Akber. The city has been famous for glass and bangle works since these early days and hence its nicknames are extremely appropriate. The glass bangles and related small-scale industry of Firozabad are famous throughout the world. Firozabad suffers from low literacy levels and pollution. Child labor is intensely practiced in this city. Moreover, Firozabad also experiences an acute water crisis as the available water is polluted beyond repair by the discharge from various factories. Around 6 lakh people live in this city that experiences severe climatic conditions in both summer and winter. Most of the residents ofFirozabad are employed in the various units of manufacturing glass products.
In 2000, Indian Overseas Bank engaged in an initial public offering (IPO) that brought the governments share in the banks equity down to 75%. In 2001, the IOB acquired the Mumbai-based Adarsha Janata Sahakari Bank. Then in 2009, the bank took over Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank, which was founded in 1969 and had its head office in Pune. Since 2006, Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank had been in administration. It had nine offices in Pune, 2 in Mumbai and 1 in Shirpur. The total strength of employees was estimated to be more than 100. On 29 August 2003, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an extension counter at New Kathiresan Temple complex, Bambalapitiya, Ceylon. The IOB opened a representative office in Guangzhou, China in 2005 followed which the bank opened another representative office in Kuala Lumpur and 2009 in Dubai, UAE. In the new millennium, international expansion started once again. The bank took over Bharat Overseas Bank in 2007. After three years, Malaysia granted a commercial banking license to a local bank jointly owned by BOB, IOB, and the Andhra Bank. The new bank named, India International Bank ( IIB Malaysia), began its business in 2012 in Kuala Lumpur and had a large population of Indians. The Andhra Bank holds a 25% stake in its joint-venture, BOB owns 40%, and remaining 35% is with IOB. On 31 August 2013, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an offshore banking unit in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The bank also converted its existing Extension Counter at Ceylon into a full-fledged branch.