Bikaner is a historical city, located in the northwest part of the Indian state of Rajasthan. The city of Bikaner serves as the administrative headquarters of both the Bikaner District and the Bikaner division. The city, located beside the Thar Desert, was originally a barren wilderness called Jangladesh, which was turned into a city in 1488 by Rao Bika of the Rathore clan. From such a wild fallow land, the city has gone through rounds of transition to develop into the fourth largest city in Rajasthan. The Indira Gandhi Canal and the Ganges Canal, completed in 1928 and 1987 respectively, facilitated this development. Bikaner celebrates its foundation on two days (Chhoti Akha Teej and Badi Akha Teej) during Akshaya Tritiya, by flying kites all day and relishing special Rajasthani food. Bikaner is most famous all over the world for its savory snacks known as Bhujia. Other salty snacks, known as namkeens, such as spicy papad, samosa and kachori are a specialty of Bikaner that are sold all over the country. The city is known for its forts that exhibit splendid architecture. The Junagarh Fort has now become a museum that shows the visitors the grand lifestyle of the past Maharanas of Rajasthan. The Laxmi Niwas Palace was earlier a residential palace has now been turned into a luxury hotel. There are many other temples and forts in the area that attract tourists.
In 2000, Indian Overseas Bank engaged in an initial public offering (IPO) that brought the governments share in the banks equity down to 75%. In 2001, the IOB acquired the Mumbai-based Adarsha Janata Sahakari Bank. Then in 2009, the bank took over Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank, which was founded in 1969 and had its head office in Pune. Since 2006, Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank had been in administration. It had nine offices in Pune, 2 in Mumbai and 1 in Shirpur. The total strength of employees was estimated to be more than 100. On 29 August 2003, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an extension counter at New Kathiresan Temple complex, Bambalapitiya, Ceylon. The IOB opened a representative office in Guangzhou, China in 2005 followed which the bank opened another representative office in Kuala Lumpur and 2009 in Dubai, UAE. In the new millennium, international expansion started once again. The bank took over Bharat Overseas Bank in 2007. After three years, Malaysia granted a commercial banking license to a local bank jointly owned by BOB, IOB, and the Andhra Bank. The new bank named, India International Bank ( IIB Malaysia), began its business in 2012 in Kuala Lumpur and had a large population of Indians. The Andhra Bank holds a 25% stake in its joint-venture, BOB owns 40%, and remaining 35% is with IOB. On 31 August 2013, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an offshore banking unit in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The bank also converted its existing Extension Counter at Ceylon into a full-fledged branch.