Bihar Sharif. located in the Indian state of Bihar, functions as the headquarters of the Nalanda district. It is the fifth-largest sub-metropolitan region in the state. Its name is derived from two words - Bihar which is taken from the name of the state as well as from the word Buddha Vihara; and sharif which refers to the resting place of the Sufi saint Sheikh Sharfuddin Yahya Maneri. The city is a renowned hub of education and trade in the southern regions of Bihar. The economy of this city centers around agriculture, tourism and household manufacturing. Crops such as potato, cauliflower, mustard seed and other vegetables are cultivated and sold to neighboring states. The city serves as a gateway to Nalanda, Rajgir and Pawapuri; thus tourism also boosts the citys economy. The household industries manufacture footwear and garments that add to the revenue generation of the city. Bihar Sharif is currently competing to obtain funds under PM Narendra Modis flagship Smart Cities Mission.
In 2000, Indian Overseas Bank engaged in an initial public offering (IPO) that brought the governments share in the banks equity down to 75%. In 2001, the IOB acquired the Mumbai-based Adarsha Janata Sahakari Bank. Then in 2009, the bank took over Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank, which was founded in 1969 and had its head office in Pune. Since 2006, Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank had been in administration. It had nine offices in Pune, 2 in Mumbai and 1 in Shirpur. The total strength of employees was estimated to be more than 100. On 29 August 2003, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an extension counter at New Kathiresan Temple complex, Bambalapitiya, Ceylon. The IOB opened a representative office in Guangzhou, China in 2005 followed which the bank opened another representative office in Kuala Lumpur and 2009 in Dubai, UAE. In the new millennium, international expansion started once again. The bank took over Bharat Overseas Bank in 2007. After three years, Malaysia granted a commercial banking license to a local bank jointly owned by BOB, IOB, and the Andhra Bank. The new bank named, India International Bank ( IIB Malaysia), began its business in 2012 in Kuala Lumpur and had a large population of Indians. The Andhra Bank holds a 25% stake in its joint-venture, BOB owns 40%, and remaining 35% is with IOB. On 31 August 2013, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an offshore banking unit in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The bank also converted its existing Extension Counter at Ceylon into a full-fledged branch.