Bhopal, the capital of Madhya Pradesh, is known for its scenic beauty and old historic structures. The city has many natural as well as artificial lakes and is often referred to as the City of Lakes. The city is divided into two - old and new Bhopal. The old city is marked by its marketplaces, mosques and palaces, whereas the new city has modern buildings, broad avenues as well as many verdant parks and gardens. Folklore says that the city was founded by Raja Bhoja of the Paramara dynasty in the 11th century. The modern city of Bhopal was established by a Pashtun soldier in the Mughal army by the name of Dost Mohammad Khan soon after the death of King Aurangzeb. Bhopals delectable cuisine and splendid architecture was a gift from the Muslim rulers. During the British rule, Bhopal became a princely state and was ruled by four Muslim women who are popularly known as the Begums. These Begums gifted the city with its railways, waterworks, the postal system and even a municipality. Hindus and Muslims harmoniously coexist in this city that celebrates Diwali and Eid with equal passion and devotion. Bhopal, in recent times, serves as a trade center of electrical goods, and chemicals, cotton clothes and jewelry. The city also has various institutes of national importance. AIIMS, IISER and ISRO?s Master Control Facility are a few among them. Bhopal is known for its gas tragedy on 3rd December 1984, when methyl isocyanate gas escaped from the Union Carbide Insecticide plant and affected the lives of lakhs of people, killing thousands. It was one of the gravest industrial disasters in the history of mankind.
In 2000, Indian Overseas Bank engaged in an initial public offering (IPO) that brought the governments share in the banks equity down to 75%. In 2001, the IOB acquired the Mumbai-based Adarsha Janata Sahakari Bank. Then in 2009, the bank took over Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank, which was founded in 1969 and had its head office in Pune. Since 2006, Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank had been in administration. It had nine offices in Pune, 2 in Mumbai and 1 in Shirpur. The total strength of employees was estimated to be more than 100. On 29 August 2003, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an extension counter at New Kathiresan Temple complex, Bambalapitiya, Ceylon. The IOB opened a representative office in Guangzhou, China in 2005 followed which the bank opened another representative office in Kuala Lumpur and 2009 in Dubai, UAE. In the new millennium, international expansion started once again. The bank took over Bharat Overseas Bank in 2007. After three years, Malaysia granted a commercial banking license to a local bank jointly owned by BOB, IOB, and the Andhra Bank. The new bank named, India International Bank ( IIB Malaysia), began its business in 2012 in Kuala Lumpur and had a large population of Indians. The Andhra Bank holds a 25% stake in its joint-venture, BOB owns 40%, and remaining 35% is with IOB. On 31 August 2013, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an offshore banking unit in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The bank also converted its existing Extension Counter at Ceylon into a full-fledged branch.