The Indian city of Bhavnagar is situated in the western state of Gujarat. It is often called ?Bhavena? by the residents. The city serves as the administrative headquarters of Bhavnagar District which was established by and named after Bhavsinhji Gohil. Bhavnagar city was the former capital of the Bhavnagar princely state, which was later merged into India in 1948. The city is a gateway to the Saurashtra region of Gujarat. It has some of the holiest temples of the Jain religion. The economy of this city is primarily industrial in nature. There are a large number of medium and small-scale industries based in the city. Diamond cutting and polishing units, plastics, salt and marine chemicals, shipbuilding and ship-breaking industries are widely popular in the Bhavnagar area. Besides the industrial units, the citys economy also benefits from agriculture. Groundnut, onion, cotton, bajra, guavas and pomegranate and mango are cultivated and traded. The city is known for its version of the traditional Gujarati snack Ganthiya. There are many government-run as well as private educational institutions in this city. Moreover, Bhavnagar attracts quite a lot of religious pilgrims since it is close to the Palitana Jain Temples. Other places like Blackbuck National Park, Takhteshwar Temple, Khodiyar Mandir, Victoria Park, Nilambag Palace Hotel, etc. also attract many tourists.
In 2000, Indian Overseas Bank engaged in an initial public offering (IPO) that brought the governments share in the banks equity down to 75%. In 2001, the IOB acquired the Mumbai-based Adarsha Janata Sahakari Bank. Then in 2009, the bank took over Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank, which was founded in 1969 and had its head office in Pune. Since 2006, Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank had been in administration. It had nine offices in Pune, 2 in Mumbai and 1 in Shirpur. The total strength of employees was estimated to be more than 100. On 29 August 2003, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an extension counter at New Kathiresan Temple complex, Bambalapitiya, Ceylon. The IOB opened a representative office in Guangzhou, China in 2005 followed which the bank opened another representative office in Kuala Lumpur and 2009 in Dubai, UAE. In the new millennium, international expansion started once again. The bank took over Bharat Overseas Bank in 2007. After three years, Malaysia granted a commercial banking license to a local bank jointly owned by BOB, IOB, and the Andhra Bank. The new bank named, India International Bank ( IIB Malaysia), began its business in 2012 in Kuala Lumpur and had a large population of Indians. The Andhra Bank holds a 25% stake in its joint-venture, BOB owns 40%, and remaining 35% is with IOB. On 31 August 2013, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an offshore banking unit in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The bank also converted its existing Extension Counter at Ceylon into a full-fledged branch.