Asansol, a city in the Burdwan district of the Indian state of West Bengal, is the states second largest city in terms of area and population. It is a Tier-II city which rapidly developing. The city has derived its name from two words - "Asan" refers to a 30 meters tall found near River Damodar and "Sol" refers to land. Thus, these two words combine to form the name of this city which is incredibly rich in minerals. This cosmopolitan city is located on the lower Chota Nagpur Plateau and it shares the border with the Dhanbad district in the adjoining state of Jharkhand. The economy of this city is principally dependent on its steel and coal industries. The IISCO or Indian Iron and Steel Company Ltd steel-making plant at Kulti in Asansol was the first of such facility in India and is undergoing major renovations to come back with doubled production rate. Eastern Coalfields has a significant presence in the Asansol due to the enormous deposits of high-quality coal in and around the city. The railway is a big contributor to Asansols economy as many residents are employed in the Chittaranjan Locomotive Works which is one of the worlds largest locomotive manufacturers.
In 2000, Indian Overseas Bank engaged in an initial public offering (IPO) that brought the governments share in the banks equity down to 75%. In 2001, the IOB acquired the Mumbai-based Adarsha Janata Sahakari Bank. Then in 2009, the bank took over Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank, which was founded in 1969 and had its head office in Pune. Since 2006, Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank had been in administration. It had nine offices in Pune, 2 in Mumbai and 1 in Shirpur. The total strength of employees was estimated to be more than 100. On 29 August 2003, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an extension counter at New Kathiresan Temple complex, Bambalapitiya, Ceylon. The IOB opened a representative office in Guangzhou, China in 2005 followed which the bank opened another representative office in Kuala Lumpur and 2009 in Dubai, UAE. In the new millennium, international expansion started once again. The bank took over Bharat Overseas Bank in 2007. After three years, Malaysia granted a commercial banking license to a local bank jointly owned by BOB, IOB, and the Andhra Bank. The new bank named, India International Bank ( IIB Malaysia), began its business in 2012 in Kuala Lumpur and had a large population of Indians. The Andhra Bank holds a 25% stake in its joint-venture, BOB owns 40%, and remaining 35% is with IOB. On 31 August 2013, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an offshore banking unit in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The bank also converted its existing Extension Counter at Ceylon into a full-fledged branch.