The city of Arrah, situated in the Indian state of Bihar, is also a municipal corporation and the district headquarter of the Bhojpur district. The city has derived its name from the famous temple of Goddess Aaranya. Arrah lies near the confluence of the Ganges and Sone rivers. The name of the city is often transliterated as Ara. The economy of the city relies on farming and cultivation. The rich and fertile soil facilitates the cultivation of rice and wheat. Apart from these chief crops, other crops such as sugarcane, guava, mango, tomato and potato considerably contribute to the citys agrarian economy. Apart from the agro-based industries, the city also has an LPG Bottling Plant and it provides much space and scope for the development of other industries. The service sector in Arrah is also quite thriving and provides employment opportunity to many residents in construction work, automobile services as well as in the hospitality and commercial sectors. The city is a hub of appeal for Jainism as it has several old temples and hermitages. Other popular places of tourist attraction include the Sun Temple at Dev, Aranya Devi Temple, Veer Kunwar Singh Kila, Shahi Masjid, Karbala the Mosque, Chaturvuj Narayan Mandir, Mahamaya Mandir, Bhavani Mandir, Parswanath Mandir, Mahathin Mai Mandir, etc.
In 2000, Indian Overseas Bank engaged in an initial public offering (IPO) that brought the governments share in the banks equity down to 75%. In 2001, the IOB acquired the Mumbai-based Adarsha Janata Sahakari Bank. Then in 2009, the bank took over Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank, which was founded in 1969 and had its head office in Pune. Since 2006, Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank had been in administration. It had nine offices in Pune, 2 in Mumbai and 1 in Shirpur. The total strength of employees was estimated to be more than 100. On 29 August 2003, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an extension counter at New Kathiresan Temple complex, Bambalapitiya, Ceylon. The IOB opened a representative office in Guangzhou, China in 2005 followed which the bank opened another representative office in Kuala Lumpur and 2009 in Dubai, UAE. In the new millennium, international expansion started once again. The bank took over Bharat Overseas Bank in 2007. After three years, Malaysia granted a commercial banking license to a local bank jointly owned by BOB, IOB, and the Andhra Bank. The new bank named, India International Bank ( IIB Malaysia), began its business in 2012 in Kuala Lumpur and had a large population of Indians. The Andhra Bank holds a 25% stake in its joint-venture, BOB owns 40%, and remaining 35% is with IOB. On 31 August 2013, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an offshore banking unit in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The bank also converted its existing Extension Counter at Ceylon into a full-fledged branch.