Anantapur, situated in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, is a small city that functions as the mandal headquarters as well as the divisional headquarters of the Anantapuramu mandal and the Anantapur revenue district respectively. Its official name is Anantapuramu. The region experiences a semi-arid climate that remains hot and dry for most of the year. Around 2.5 lakh people live in the city. Anantapuramu provides railway connectivity and it is labeled as an A?category station in the Guntakal railway division. It is connected to the nearby cities through several national and state highways. Millets like Jowar, Bajra and Ragi are cultivated here for consumption as well as trade. The important educational institutions in Anantapur are Sri Krishnadevaraya University, Sri Sathya Sai University and a campus of JNTU. Telugu is the most widely spoken language. Urdu, Kannada and English are also spoken.
In 2000, Indian Overseas Bank engaged in an initial public offering (IPO) that brought the governments share in the banks equity down to 75%. In 2001, the IOB acquired the Mumbai-based Adarsha Janata Sahakari Bank. Then in 2009, the bank took over Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank, which was founded in 1969 and had its head office in Pune. Since 2006, Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank had been in administration. It had nine offices in Pune, 2 in Mumbai and 1 in Shirpur. The total strength of employees was estimated to be more than 100. On 29 August 2003, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an extension counter at New Kathiresan Temple complex, Bambalapitiya, Ceylon. The IOB opened a representative office in Guangzhou, China in 2005 followed which the bank opened another representative office in Kuala Lumpur and 2009 in Dubai, UAE. In the new millennium, international expansion started once again. The bank took over Bharat Overseas Bank in 2007. After three years, Malaysia granted a commercial banking license to a local bank jointly owned by BOB, IOB, and the Andhra Bank. The new bank named, India International Bank ( IIB Malaysia), began its business in 2012 in Kuala Lumpur and had a large population of Indians. The Andhra Bank holds a 25% stake in its joint-venture, BOB owns 40%, and remaining 35% is with IOB. On 31 August 2013, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an offshore banking unit in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The bank also converted its existing Extension Counter at Ceylon into a full-fledged branch.