Ambala is a city as well as a municipal corporation located in the district of the same name within the Indian state of Haryana. The city forms the border of Haryana and Punjab and lies close to the state capital Chandigarh. Ambala consists of two sub-areas - the Ambala Cantonment area and the Ambala City are, that are less than a kilometer apart. The twin city has a large base of Indian Army and Indian Air Force within its cantonment area. This city separates the Ganges network from the Indus network and the rivers Ghaggar and Tangri surround it. Ambala plays a pivotal role in local tourism, connecting tourists to Chandigarh, Shimla, New Delhi and Amritsar. Gurudwara Manji Sahib, situated within the city, is a place worth visiting in Ambala. The economy of the city is fuelled by its "Cloth Market" which draws shoppers from surrounding areas. It has a dense cluster of at least 1000 wholesale shops that sell a wide range of cloth items like hand-loom textiles, silk, various kinds of sarees, suitings, shirtings as well as dress material of all types. This market is considered to be the largest cloth trading market in Asia. Most of the residents of Ambala are employed in this business.
In 2000, Indian Overseas Bank engaged in an initial public offering (IPO) that brought the governments share in the banks equity down to 75%. In 2001, the IOB acquired the Mumbai-based Adarsha Janata Sahakari Bank. Then in 2009, the bank took over Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank, which was founded in 1969 and had its head office in Pune. Since 2006, Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank had been in administration. It had nine offices in Pune, 2 in Mumbai and 1 in Shirpur. The total strength of employees was estimated to be more than 100. On 29 August 2003, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an extension counter at New Kathiresan Temple complex, Bambalapitiya, Ceylon. The IOB opened a representative office in Guangzhou, China in 2005 followed which the bank opened another representative office in Kuala Lumpur and 2009 in Dubai, UAE. In the new millennium, international expansion started once again. The bank took over Bharat Overseas Bank in 2007. After three years, Malaysia granted a commercial banking license to a local bank jointly owned by BOB, IOB, and the Andhra Bank. The new bank named, India International Bank ( IIB Malaysia), began its business in 2012 in Kuala Lumpur and had a large population of Indians. The Andhra Bank holds a 25% stake in its joint-venture, BOB owns 40%, and remaining 35% is with IOB. On 31 August 2013, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an offshore banking unit in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The bank also converted its existing Extension Counter at Ceylon into a full-fledged branch.