Allahabad is one of the oldest Indian cities situated in the state of Uttar Pradesh. The city was earlier known as Prayag which was renamed as Allahabad during the Mughal era. Allahabad has played a vital role in the history of the state as well as the country. It lies on the confluence of the Ganga, Jamuna and Saraswati rivers, elevating it to a respectable place in the Hindu religion. It is one of the most populous areas in the state of UP and is divided into 80 wards for administrative purpose, each headed by an elected representative. The economy of the city is mostly dependent on agriculture. The fertile Gangetic plain around the city facilitates this. Other industries that thrive in the city include real estate, banking and tourism. Additionally, there are a host of small-scale units in the glass and wire manufacturing sector. Allahabad is a seat of power in Uttar Pradesh. It hosts a lot of bureaucratic offices, employing a lot of people. Huge companies like Reliance, SAIL, BPCL, HCL are also functional in Allahabad, adding to the employment opportunities. The Allahabad University is one of the oldest and most reputed universities in India. There are other notable institutions in Allahabad such as IERT, Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology, Ewing Christian college, etc. The major attraction for tourism in Allahabad is the Kumbh Mela which is a sacred rite for Hindus across the world. It gathers lakhs of visitors to the city every year. Few other places to visit in this city include the Allahabad Fort, Alfred Park, Ashoka pillar, the Victoria and Thornhill Memorials, etc.
In 2000, Indian Overseas Bank engaged in an initial public offering (IPO) that brought the governments share in the banks equity down to 75%. In 2001, the IOB acquired the Mumbai-based Adarsha Janata Sahakari Bank. Then in 2009, the bank took over Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank, which was founded in 1969 and had its head office in Pune. Since 2006, Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank had been in administration. It had nine offices in Pune, 2 in Mumbai and 1 in Shirpur. The total strength of employees was estimated to be more than 100. On 29 August 2003, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an extension counter at New Kathiresan Temple complex, Bambalapitiya, Ceylon. The IOB opened a representative office in Guangzhou, China in 2005 followed which the bank opened another representative office in Kuala Lumpur and 2009 in Dubai, UAE. In the new millennium, international expansion started once again. The bank took over Bharat Overseas Bank in 2007. After three years, Malaysia granted a commercial banking license to a local bank jointly owned by BOB, IOB, and the Andhra Bank. The new bank named, India International Bank ( IIB Malaysia), began its business in 2012 in Kuala Lumpur and had a large population of Indians. The Andhra Bank holds a 25% stake in its joint-venture, BOB owns 40%, and remaining 35% is with IOB. On 31 August 2013, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an offshore banking unit in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The bank also converted its existing Extension Counter at Ceylon into a full-fledged branch.