Agartala, a rapidly developing city, is the state capital of Tripura. The name Agartala is derived from two words - "Agar" refers to an oily and valuable perfume tree, and the word "tala" refers to a storehouse. It refers to the abundantly available Agarwood trees in the region. Located on the bank of the Haora River, Agartala is located 2 kilometers away from the Bangladesh Border. The city experiences a humid climate, with heavy rainfall throughout the year except during the dry winter days. The city has around half a million population and is divided into 49 wards for effective administration. Most of the residents of Agartala are employed in government-owned enterprises. The Public Sector Units that provide employment in Agartala are ONGC, GAIL, Powergrid Corp. Of India Ltd, Airports Authority of India (AAI) and BSNL among a few others. The economy of Agartala developed at a very slow pace until about the year 2000. A few MNCs have recently entered the city and the city is gradually picking up the developmental momentum. NIT, Tripura Medical College, Tripura University, MBB College, ICFAI UNIVERSITY, etc. are some of the prominent academic institutions in the city. Hinduism is the most common religion and there are plenty of temples in the city. There are many churches as well since Christianity is also a widespread faith. There are several spectacular places of tourist interest such as Ujjayanta Palace, Agartala Amusement Park Amtali, Venuban Buddha Vihar, Jagannath temple and College Tilla, apart from the numerous parks and gardens that beautify this city.
In 2000, Indian Overseas Bank engaged in an initial public offering (IPO) that brought the governments share in the banks equity down to 75%. In 2001, the IOB acquired the Mumbai-based Adarsha Janata Sahakari Bank. Then in 2009, the bank took over Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank, which was founded in 1969 and had its head office in Pune. Since 2006, Shree Suvarna Sahakari Bank had been in administration. It had nine offices in Pune, 2 in Mumbai and 1 in Shirpur. The total strength of employees was estimated to be more than 100. On 29 August 2003, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an extension counter at New Kathiresan Temple complex, Bambalapitiya, Ceylon. The IOB opened a representative office in Guangzhou, China in 2005 followed which the bank opened another representative office in Kuala Lumpur and 2009 in Dubai, UAE. In the new millennium, international expansion started once again. The bank took over Bharat Overseas Bank in 2007. After three years, Malaysia granted a commercial banking license to a local bank jointly owned by BOB, IOB, and the Andhra Bank. The new bank named, India International Bank ( IIB Malaysia), began its business in 2012 in Kuala Lumpur and had a large population of Indians. The Andhra Bank holds a 25% stake in its joint-venture, BOB owns 40%, and remaining 35% is with IOB. On 31 August 2013, the Indian Overseas Bank has opened an offshore banking unit in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The bank also converted its existing Extension Counter at Ceylon into a full-fledged branch.