The two neighboring cities of Hubli (or Hubballi in the local language) and Dharwad in the South Indian state of Karnataka were merged in 1961 to form the twin city of Hubli-Dharwad. The name "Hubballi" literally translates to "flowering creeper" in Kannada. The word "Dharwad" refers to a place of rest during long travel or a small habitation. While Hubli acts as the commercial center and business hub, Dharwad situated around 20 kilometers away is the administrative headquarter of the twin city. This city is the second largest in the state after the capital city of Bangalore. As history reveals, the area had been ruled by the famous Vijayanagara dynasty and later by the Mughals, the Nawabs, the Marathas as well as the Peshwas. Hubli, being the commercial hub, houses numerous of small and medium industries. The area is known for mining manganese ore and granite as well as for the agricultural production of cotton, groundnut and oilseeds. The twin cities are also adept at manufacture of textiles from the cultivated cotton. The green and scenic city of Dharwad, apart from housing the citys administrative departments, is also a seat of learning. Prestigious and renowned educational institutions like Karnataka Institute of Medical Sciences (KIMS), Karnataka State Law University, The District Institute of Education and Training, University of Agricultural Sciences, etc. An IIT has also been recently established at Dharwad.
The HDFC Bank Limited is financial service company based in Mumbai, Maharashtra. The equity shares of the bank are listed on National Stock Exchange and Bombay Stock Exchange of India. Its American depositary shares are listed on NewYork Stock Exchange. The HDFC Bank has been awarded as the best-performing branch of microfinance among private sector banks by NABARD. It offers many products and services to its customers such as retail banking, treasury, auto loans personal loans along with mobile banking services such as Payzapp and Chillr. It was found in 1994 with its full-service branch at Sandroz, Worli which was inaugurated by the Union Finance Minister, Mr.Manmohan Singh. By assets, HDFC is the largest private sector lender. In 2016, the HDFC Bank has been awarded as the best banking performer in India by Global Brands Magazine Award. The HDFC Bank has also received the best digital banking initiative award in the year 2016 by KPMG study of Indias best banks.