Being the third largest city in Tamil Nadu, Madurai is located on the banks of River Vaigai. It is known for its vibrant and rich cultural heritage. It is a seat of education for the Tamil language and famous for its aesthetic art and literature. Madurai has been held in high esteem by many scholars and it is referred to as the "City of Temples and Poets." The history of Madurai dates back to 3rd century BCE, with proof of its vintage through archaeological surveys. The famous Meenakshi Amman Temple in Madurai draws many devotees and tourists to the city throughout the year. Tourists from all over the country, especially its southern state, visit Madurai to explore its many temples as well as popular tourist spots like the Thirumalai Nayak Palace, Gandhi Memorial Museum, Rajaji Children?s Park, etc. The modern city of Madurai is divided into 100 wards, each of which is administered by an elected member. The city has a large farming community involved in the cultivation of crops like paddy, jasmine, rubber, etc. These drive the economy and trade in the city apart from a few modern industries such as the manufacture of tires, auto components, granite, textile and chemicals. Madurai serves as the base for a few popular two-wheeler manufacturers in India. Many software companies have recently opened their offices in the city and Madurai has been promoted to a Tier-II city. With pristine universities and colleges like the Madurai Kamaraj University, Madura College, Thiagarajar College, American College, Madurai Law College etc. the city is regarded as an academic center for the state of Tamil Nadu.
In 1870, the Deutsche Bank was founded in Berlin by Georg Siemens, Adelbert Delbruck, and L.Bamberger. The primary objective of the company is to facilitate trade relations between Germany and other markets, European or overseas. In 1929, the bank associated with other local banks to form Deutsche Bank und DiscontoGesellschaft, the biggest ever merger in the history of German banking. The one reason for the merger was increasing costs. In the 1920s, another trend was towards concentration throughout the industry. The alliance striked at the right time to help counteract the banking crisis. The company name changed back to Deutsche Bank in 1937. After Adolf Hitler came to power, instituting the Third Reich, three Jewish board members were dismissed by the bank in 1933. During the war, Deutsche Bank included other banks which came in hands of Germans while working in Eastern Europe. Banking facilities for the Gestapo were offered by the Deutsche Bank along with the loans credited to build the Auschwitz camp. In the financial year 2008, the Deutsche Bank reported its first annual loss in fifty years inspite of receiving billions of dollars from its insurance arrangements with AIG. The co-CEOs, Jrgen Fitschen, and Anshu Jain, both offered their resignations to the banks supervisory board, which were accepted in 2015 but until January 2016, Jain provided consultancy to the bank. The Fitschen continued as joint CEO until May 2016.On July 2016, the appointment of John Cryan as joint CEO was announced and at the end of Fitschens term, he became the sole CEO .