Adoni is located in the Kurnool district of Andhra Pradesh. The municipality of Adoni also functions as the headquarter of the Adoni Mandal and the Adoni Revenue Division. Adoni has a population of more than 1.5 lakh residents, who speak in Telugu. Adoni was a fort town of the famous Vijayanagara Empire during the 15th to 16th centuries. After the decline of this glorious empire, Adoni went into the hands of Ali Adil Shah I of the Bijapur Sultanate. The Mohammedan rulers soon captured the area within a few years. The area was tossed to the hands of the Nizams and the Marathas and finally went to the British. In the late 19th century, Adoni faced a severe El Nino famine which claimed nearly one-third of its population. Adoni became a part of Andhra Pradesh in 1953. Adoni is a huge producer of cotton. The city has a thriving ginning and textile industry. Groundnut oil is another major production of Adoni. This city is also an important trading center in the state, with a large market situated in the center of the town. Adoni is often referred to as the second "Bombay" of India for its businesses and also for its cotton exports.
The City Union Bank was incorporated in the year 1904. In the year 1990, the bank has introduced computerization, and all the branches were computerized. The bank had an agreement with TCS for entering the Core Banking Solutions. The City Union Bank has installed ATMs at selected centers from where the users could check their account balance, withdraw cash and obtain account statements. The City Union Bank attained a license from the IRDA for selling insurance products and providing other value-added products. The bank entered into memorandum with LIC for selling insurance products. To function as a depository participant, the bank obtained the license under National Securities Depository Limited. The digital banking services of City Bank Union consists of Chatbot facility or Ask Lakhshmi, Passbook printing kiosk, Internet and mobile banking, CUB Virtual Credit Card facility and Cheque clearing kiosk. In 2016-17, it was awarded as the IRDBT Banking Technology Excellence Award of the year for cybersecurity and defense among the small banks.