The district of Buxar consists of areas under the Buxar Sadar of the old Bhojpur District and it came into existence in 1991. The headquarters and principal town of the state is Buxar Town. The district is surrounded by Ballia, Ghaziapur, Rohtas and Bhojpur District. The Buxar District consists of a total of 2 sub-divisions and 11 blocks. One town is located in each of the sub-division. The climate of the district is moderate. The months of May and April are considered to be very hot and the cold weather begins in November and lasts till March end. However, the rainfall experienced by the district is mostly in July and August. The district of Buxar is also struggling with the problems of deforestation which is asserted by the thin forest area. Firewood is still considered to be one of the major products of these forests. One of the primary reasons for the thinning of forest line is considered to be the development of irrigation programs around the district. Animals found in the district are Neelgain, spotted deer and monkeys. The perennial source of water is the river, Sone. This river-stretch provides irrigation to a significant portion of the district. Buxar has gradually turned into an agriculture-centric district with a large chunk of its land-use devoted towards agricultural activities. Rice, wheat, grams and pulses are considered to be the main crops of the district. When it comes to industry, there are many small and medium scale industries located in this district. The major SMEs in the district being the soap industry and the leather industry. The credit facilities in the district, however, are very limited. The primary credit-giving banks in the district are the Central Co-Operative Institutions. These banks are only limited to financing the short and medium term loans towards agricultural practices.
the UCO Bank was founded in 1943 in Kolkata. It is a major government-owned and commercial bank of India also known as the United Commercial Bank. Its total business was ? 4.55 lakh crore during FY 2013-14. It was ranked 1860 on Forbes Global 2000 List by 2014 data. According to the Brand Trust Report 2014, a study conducted by Trust Research Advisory, the Bank was ranked 294th among Indias most trusted brands. It was a difference of 796 ranks considering its previous position among Indias most trusted brands in the Brand Trust Report 2013. The bank had 4,000 additional service units, 49 zonal offices across India as of 30 March 2017. Outside India, it has two offices in Singapore and Hong Kong. The corporate office of UCO bank is on BTM Sarani, Kolkata. Shri Ghanshyam Das Birla, an influential industrialist, got the idea of establishing a commercial bank with the Indian capital during the Quit India movement of 1942, and as a result, the United Commercial Bank Limited was incorporated. The bank was started in Kolkata with an issued capital of ?2 crores and a paid-up capital of ?1 crore. The Board of Directors of UCO Bank included notable personalities of India alongside Shri Ghanshyam Das Birla as its chairman. The bank opened 14 branches simultaneously across India. Presently Mr.Ravi Krishan Takkar is the chairman and MD of UCO Bank.