Barasat is a neighborhood in Kolkata, situated in the Indian state of West Bengal. It functions as the headquarters of the North 24 Parganas district as well as the Barasat Sadar subdivision. Known for its strategic location at a railway and road junction, Barasat is a regional transportation hub. Several important roads, including National Highway 12, National Highway 112 pass through the town. During the Mughal period, Sankar Chakraborty (who was a commander of the king of Jessore in Bangladesh) came to Barasat and established himself. During the British era, the officials of the East India Company made Barasat a weekend retreat by constructing houses with gardens. Warren Hastings had built his villa in the heart of the region. The place was known for its indigo cultivation and thus contributed largely to the economy of the state. The city is located in the Gangetic plain. Today, the fertile land of the area ensures the cultivation of crops like rice, legumes, potatoes, sugarcane and coconuts. Prestigious academic institutes such as West Bengal State University, Barasat Government College, Brainware University, Adamas University, etc. are located in Barasat. The city has many Ashramas dedicated to different saints and gurus for the Hindu devotees.
The Shamrao Vithal Co-op. Bank Ltd. or SVC Cooperative Bank Limited, is a banking company incorporated under the Companies Act, 1956 a scheduled bank, and one of the oldest Urban Co-operative Bank in India built in 1906. The bank was set up when co-operation was just started in the country. It was established with the primary aim of helping the less fortunate members of the community under the ambit of its economic enterprises. It was also to encourage savings and to create funds for providing financial aid to deserving members.Mr. Rao Bahadur Shripad Subbarao Talmaki was the chief architect of the Bank. The Bank was initially registered as a Co-operative Credit Society on 27 December 1906. The Bank is present in 10 States of India. Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Delhi, Rajasthan, Haryana, Goa, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh. In 1907, cumulative deposit scheme, fixed deposit scheme and saving bank deposit were introduced by the bank. After that in 1911, the facilities for remittance were made available to the members by the draft. In 1913, the cash credit scheme was introduced by the bank. In 1956, facilities were thrown open to all communities. In 1988, the Shamrao Vithal bank was conferred the scheduled bank status.