singrauli, in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh, is popularly known as the Energy capital of India. The area used to be covered in dense forests earlier that was not navigable and inhabited by wild animals. It was earlier known as Shringavali. It was named after a sage known as Shringi. The kings of the Rewa State ruled the area till 1947. They used the area as an open-air prison to detain errant civilians and officers. Singrauli has five tehsils now - Singrauli, Chitrangi, Deosar, Mada and Sarai. Singrauli has a group of rock-cut caves called Mada Caves made in the 7th and 8th century. All major companies operating in this area belongs to the Indian energy industry, which entirely drives the economy of the city. The companies focus on mining of coal and subsequent power generation. NTPC, Coal India Limited, Essar, Hindalco, Reliance and several other established companies have set up their plants at Singrauli. The industrial belt has also resulted in a critical condition of air pollution which is a serious concern.
The government owns Punjab & Sind Bank, and it is based in New Delhi. Its 623 offices are in Punjab state out of 1554 branches spread all over India. On 24 June 1908, the Punjab & Sind Bank was founded by Sir Sunder Singh, MajithaBhai Vir Singh, and Sardar Tarlochan Singh. The Government of India nationalized the Punjab National Bank on 15 April 1980 along with other six banks in the second wave of nationalizations. The first nationalization had been in 1969 when the government nationalized the top 14 banks. The Punjab & Sind Bank established a branch in London in the 1960s. In 1991 the London branch was acquired by the Bank of Baroda at the order of the Reserve Bank of India due to Punjab & Sinds involvement in the Sethia fraud in 1987. The Punjab & Sind has shown growth of over 40% year on year since 2004, and its IPO was put over the top by more than 50 times recently. In business, the bank crossed a mark of Rs 1 lac crore. The Punjab & Sind Bank sponsored a regional rural bank known as Sutlej Gramin Bank. The products of Punjab and Sind bank includes Debit Card, ATM, Internet Banking, Mobile Banking, SMS Banking, BHIM, UPI, POS Machine, AADHAR PAY, BHARAT QR