The large city of Shimoga in the Indian state of Karnataka functions as the district headquarters of Shimoga District. The city has been officially renamed shivamogga in 2014. It is located in the central part of Karnataka, on the banks of the Tunga River and serves as a gateway to the hilly regions of the Western Ghats. Shivamogga is popularly nicknamed as the "Gateway of Malnad." Shimoga experiences a tropical wet and dry climate and has a population of around 3.3 lakh. Shimoga is an important center for education with its wide variety of prestigious schools as well as colleges. Industries such as Malnad Alloys, Pearlite Industries, Vijay Technocrats, Perfect Alloys, Shanthala Sperocast, etc. are some foundries that manufacture castings which are supplied to other related industries in the country as well as exported. The city is surrounded by lush green paddy fields, chili plantations, areca nut and coconut groves which contributes to the economy of the city. An IT Park is being constructed at Shimoga, near the upcoming Shimoga airport.
The government owns Punjab & Sind Bank, and it is based in New Delhi. Its 623 offices are in Punjab state out of 1554 branches spread all over India. On 24 June 1908, the Punjab & Sind Bank was founded by Sir Sunder Singh, MajithaBhai Vir Singh, and Sardar Tarlochan Singh. The Government of India nationalized the Punjab National Bank on 15 April 1980 along with other six banks in the second wave of nationalizations. The first nationalization had been in 1969 when the government nationalized the top 14 banks. The Punjab & Sind Bank established a branch in London in the 1960s. In 1991 the London branch was acquired by the Bank of Baroda at the order of the Reserve Bank of India due to Punjab & Sinds involvement in the Sethia fraud in 1987. The Punjab & Sind has shown growth of over 40% year on year since 2004, and its IPO was put over the top by more than 50 times recently. In business, the bank crossed a mark of Rs 1 lac crore. The Punjab & Sind Bank sponsored a regional rural bank known as Sutlej Gramin Bank. The products of Punjab and Sind bank includes Debit Card, ATM, Internet Banking, Mobile Banking, SMS Banking, BHIM, UPI, POS Machine, AADHAR PAY, BHARAT QR