Dhanbad is second largest and the most populous city in the east Indian state of Jharkhand. It is popularly known by the name ?The Coal Capital of India?. Looking into the etymology, the name Dhanbad is believed to have been derived from the words "Dhan" which means wealth and Abad which means prosperity. When the words are put together, it means "prospered with wealth" for being a mineral-rich region. Another alternate explanation attributes the name of the city to its rich paddy fields as "Dhaan" in the local language means paddy. Both of these explanations make equal sense because the city is indeed quite rich in minerals and it also has the largest rice producing farms in Jharkhand. The chief economic source of the city is mining and some of the largest mining production units are situated in Dhanbad. Companies like Tata Steel, Eastern Coalfields Limited (ECL), Bharat Coking Coal Limited (BCCL), and Indian Iron And Steel Company operate in Dhanbad. Dhanbad Rail Division generates a lot of revenue and ranks second after the Mumbai division. Dhanbad has many reputed educational institutions such as the Indian School of Mines, IIT Dhanbad, Patliputra Medical College and Hospital, Central Institute of Mining and Fuel Research, etc. Places like Maithan Dam, Panchet Dam, Bhatinda Falls, Shakti Mandir and Topchanchi Wildlife Sanctuary serve as major tourist hubs in this city.
The government owns Punjab & Sind Bank, and it is based in New Delhi. Its 623 offices are in Punjab state out of 1554 branches spread all over India. On 24 June 1908, the Punjab & Sind Bank was founded by Sir Sunder Singh, MajithaBhai Vir Singh, and Sardar Tarlochan Singh. The Government of India nationalized the Punjab National Bank on 15 April 1980 along with other six banks in the second wave of nationalizations. The first nationalization had been in 1969 when the government nationalized the top 14 banks. The Punjab & Sind Bank established a branch in London in the 1960s. In 1991 the London branch was acquired by the Bank of Baroda at the order of the Reserve Bank of India due to Punjab & Sinds involvement in the Sethia fraud in 1987. The Punjab & Sind has shown growth of over 40% year on year since 2004, and its IPO was put over the top by more than 50 times recently. In business, the bank crossed a mark of Rs 1 lac crore. The Punjab & Sind Bank sponsored a regional rural bank known as Sutlej Gramin Bank. The products of Punjab and Sind bank includes Debit Card, ATM, Internet Banking, Mobile Banking, SMS Banking, BHIM, UPI, POS Machine, AADHAR PAY, BHARAT QR