Vadodara is more popularly known by its earlier name Baroda. It is an important city in Gujarat. Vadodara stands third among the largest cities in Gujarat, closely following Ahmedabad and Surat. It is known for its rich cultural heritage, and hence the city has earned the name of the ?Sanskrit Nagar? or the ?Kala Nagari? (City of Arts). After the Mughals were expelled by the Marathas from Gujarat, their local lieutenants known as the Gaekwad clan settled down in Vadodara. The descendants of the royal family still remain in this city in the famous Lakshmi Vilas Palace. Fertilizers, medicines, compounds, fisheries, dairy, fiber weaves and machine gears contribute to this citys economy. Crops like rice, wheat, grams, sugarcane, yellow peas and yarn are harvested in Vadodara. The city is located on the banks of the Vishwamitri river. Vadodara experiences a semi-arid climate, with dry summers and winters and humid monsoon days. Many large-scale and heavy industries can be found in this city. Units of Indian Oil Corporation (IOCL), Indian Petrochemicals Corporation Limited (IPCL), Gujarat State Fertilizers & Chemicals (GSFC), Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (or ONGC), Gujarat Alkalis and Chemicals Limited (GACL) and Gas Authority of India Limited (GAIL) are to be found in and around the city. There are numerous educational institutions in Vadodara including the largest university in Gujarat - Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda.
Muthoot Finance Ltd. is known as one the large gold financing company in the world. The company also offers other services a part from gold financing such as , money transfers, wealth management services,foreign exchange , travel and tourism and selling of gold coins at branches of Muthoot Finance Ltd. The headquarters of the company is located in Kerala, India, and it operates over 4,400 branches across India. Overseas, It has established its office in the UK, the US, and the UAE. The stocks of the company are listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) and National Stock Exchange, while the company comes under the brand umbrella of the Muthoot Group. The target market of Muthoot Finance consists of small businesses, SME business owners, vendors, farmers, traders, and salaried individuals. In 1939, M George Muthoot founded Muthoot Finance. The Reserve Bank of India has licensed Moothot Finance company under Companies act of 1956 to operate as NBFC without taking public deposits, and it is liberated from Money Lenders Acts provisions in Karnataka and other states. The gold loan business of the company constitutes more than 99% of its total revenue.