Vizianagaram is a seaside city in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It functions as the headquarters of the Vizianagaram district and mandal. The city is close to the Bay of Bengal and around 40 kilometers away from Visakhapatnam. Various rivers flow through the city such as Nagavali, Vegavathi, Champavathi, Gomukhi, Suvarnamukhi, and Gostani, rendering the area very fertile and conducive to agriculture. There are several irrigation projects on these rivers which indirectly contribute to the economy of the city. The city experiences a predominantly hot and humid climate throughout the year. Around 2.3 lakh residents live in Vizianagaram who mainly speak in Telugu. The city is known for its production of Jute. The coastal belt of Vizianagaram is known for salt cultivation. The largest industry in this area is the manufacture units of ferromanganese. The city has 22 large-scale industries that manufacture jute twine, ferroalloys, sponge, sugar, cement, pharmaceuticals and iron. Vizianagaram has quite a few small-scale industries that focus on general engineering, motor workshops, RCC spun pipes, sawmills, aluminum utensils, groundnut oil mills, rolling mills and vehicle parts.
The J&K Bank is a private sector banking and financial services company based in Srinagar, Jammu, and Kashmir. J&K Bank established on October 1, 1938, was the first bank in the country to emerge as a state-owned bank. On 1 October 1938, the Jammu and Kashmir Bank was founded by Maharaja Hari Singh (the Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir). The eminent investors were invited by the Maharaja to become the founding directors and shareholders of the bank. The most notable investors were Abdul Aziz Mantoo, Pesten jee, Pandit Sriniwas Magotra, and the Bhagat Family, all of whom acquired a significant holding in bank shares. On 4 July 1939, the bank commenced the operations, and it was declared as the first semi-state-owned bank of with participation in capital by State and the public under the control of State Government. The bank had achieved the status of a scheduled bank In the year 1971 and was recognized as an "A" Class bank by the Reserve Bank of India in 1976. The bank had to face severe difficulties during independence time as out of its ten branches two branches of Muzaffarabad, Rawalakot, and Mirpur fell to the other side of the line of control (now Pakistan administered Kashmir) along with cash and other assets. As per the regulations of Indian Companies Act 1956, the bank was declared as a government company following the extension of Central laws to the state of Jammu & Kashmir.